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BROOKLYN. N. Y. 




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ay 15, 1948 was a momentous date in the history of 
I the Jewish nation. It saw the triumph of Jewish 
aspirations twenty centuries old, the advent of a new life, the fulfillment 
of a prophecy — the resurrection of the Jewish state of Israel. 



With it also came the somber menacings of war from "the Assyrian 
who came down like the wolf on the fold" aided by nefarious cohorts on 
the Atlantic. With it came the call of the Haganah to defend every inch 
of the birthright from the northernmost point of Dan to the southernmost 
city of Beersheba. The call was met with heroism and intrepidity. The 
newly realized vision would not melt away under the steel of the repug- 
nant invaders for it was reinforced by that impalpable spirit with w'hich 
the Jew was imbued over the centuries. The state was preserved. 

However, it was not without loss of blood that the perpetuation of the 
state was assured. Thousands gave the last full measure of de\ otion so that 
our nation might live. To those fallen heroes of Israel who thus sacrificed 
themselves for their kindred we, the Graduating Class of 1949, wish humbly 
to dedicate this yearbook. 



■ One- 



il V lother oj- the oLjead. 

Martin Kahane 

The graves lie quietly in the night, 
No noise, no sounds, but gentle peace, 
Sweet silence encompassing all of these. 
Who fought and bled for good and right. 

No ordinary dead are they. 
These children ripped from mother's womb. 
For they have chose the book and tomb. 
And died — G-d, so cold they lie. 

An eerie silence grips the land 

The lambs, the wolves crouch feai'frilly, 

As stepping, gently, tearfully. 

Comes JMother Eachel with outstretched hand. 

The heavens darken way up high, 

Stygian darkness awful, black. 

The lightning flashes, crack. 

As the tomb doors open Avith mournful cry. 

Stepping softly, tears in eye, 
Soft hair ilies wildly in the \\Ax\.A, 
At last to reach her goal and find, 
Those graves with bodies piled up high. 

The mother kneels beside the dead. 
And tears, tears flow doAvn the tired face. 
who can this hellish sight erase, 
Of mother weeping with bowed head. 

This she hears: "Oh sweet Rachel, 

Tour bitter tears have reached my throne. 

No more shall they roam ; they have their home, 
And peace to our sons, Israel. ' ' 



— Two — 




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To the Student Body : 



June 29, 1949 



You, the students of our Talmudieal Academy, and particularly the Gradu- 
ating Class of 1949 have great reason to rejoice, for your period of transition 
from boyhood into manhood was spent in the ideal atmosphere of Torah learn- 
ing and modern culture. I watched your gradual progress and I was inspired 
by your spirit, and by the selfless devotion of your Roshei ha-Yeshiva and 
1 eaehers. 

I exhort you to remain steadfast in our religious l)elicfs; in the mode of 
living and in the ethical and spiritual convictions which are the essence and 
guiding spirit of our lives. It is only by the immortal truths of the Torah and 
our sacred traditions, by being true to ourselves and our sacred heritage that 
we can best serve ourselves and our fellowmen. Godliness as the foundation 
of our lives; obedience to the Divine Law of the Torah. and usefulness for the 
common-good of mankind are the fundamental parts of the training of a 
Yeshiva man. 

These sacred values you must always bear in mind, as well as in action. 

Sincerely yours, 

SAMUEL BELKIN, 
President. 



Three ■ 




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e65aae 



My clear young friends: 

Thirty-one years ago this month, a small group of six 
young ijioneers received their high school diplomas from 
Talmudieal Academy, the first, and for many years, the 
only accredited high school organized, managed, and super- 
vised bj- people of the Jewish faith. Since that first grad- 
uation in 1919, several thousand Jewish young men have 
gone forth from our sacred walls to swell the ever-growing tide of young men 
and young women who complete their high school stiidies each year. 

To-day, you are about to join their ranks. Mam- were the obstacles you 
have had to overcome. Many difficulties beset your path from the first day you 
set foot in our Yeshiva, but great is the achievement you have accomplished. 
Not only have you received a secular education which, judged by any and all 
standards set up by the local and state departments of echication, has been 
proved to be at least the equal of that given in the public institutions of our 
city, but you have also received that rich heritage of learning and spirituality 
which has been handed down by our ancestors for thousands of years. "Whereas 
your brothers and sisters in the public high schools have received only a secular 
education, you, the graduates of Talmudieal Academy, have received, in addi- 
tion, a thorough grounding in Talmud, Bible, Hebrew language and literature, 
Jewish history and cognate studies. Your lives are richer and fuller and more 
closely attuned to the traditions and hopes and aspirations — to the heartbeat — 
of our people. 

Even a casual examination of the roster of names that appears in our 
high school alumni bulletin will cause the heart of every self-respecting Jew to 
.swell with pride and satisfaction. Among their number one finds some of the 
most worth-while citizens of our community and country. Every walk of life, 
every trade and profession is duly represented. Not only rabbis and preachers, 
religious leaders and teachers, but communal workers, teachers and adminis- 
trators in secular schools, colleges and universities, lawyers, artisans, business 
men, engineers, dentists, doctors, artists, and musicians received their first train- 
ing in Talmudieal Academy. Every part of our country, every segment of our 
national Jewish life, is permeated and enriched by the contributions which our 
graduates have to offer to make up the sum total of human experience. 

As we look back with justifiable pride upon the thousands who have pre- 
ceded you, we can only hope and pray that you, their younger brothere, will 
follow m their foot-steps. AYe pray that you will hold precious those high stand- 
ards and lofty ideals of citizenship and service, of faith in, and loyalty to, our 
American democracy that Ave have tried to inculcate in you, and that you will 
p\it into living practice, and uphold in your daily lives, the sacred laws and tra- 
ditions of oar holy Torah. :\Iay you prove a source of pride and joy to your 
parents and your Alma Mater! 

Shelley R. Saphire, 
Trmci-pal 



■ Four 




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Dear Graduates: 

It is indeed a source of pleasure for me to greet you, 
tlic second graduating class of the Brooklyn Branch of 
'I'alinudieal Academy. Four short years ago with the 
founding of our Branch by the Yeshiva Universitj', your 
class constituted the bulk of our student body. Our 
growth during this short period has been so phenomenal 
however, that today your class register equals only one-tenth of our total student 
enrollment. This outstanding success is in itself a tribute to the devotion of the 
student body, the self-sacrifice of the facultj^ and the vision of the administration. 
It is true that even now upon the completion of your high school coui'se 
you will not be coming into direct contact with the complexities and ambigui- 
ties of life, for at least another four j^ears of comparative safety behind the 
spiritual walls of Yeshiva University await most of you. Yet it is important 
to examine now what you have gained during these last few years. Although 
to CTeorge Bernard Shaw "youth is Ayasted on the young" and perhaps others 
may go even further and say that education too is wasted on the young, we 
traditional Jews have always felt that it is the xnipJH XDTJ which is 
liasic and a most influential factor in the shaping of the individual. It is the 
appi'oach and outlook acquired during the early formative years of life that 
are of prime importance. 

During your stay in the Yeshiva we have attempted to give you more 
than facts and Ijook knowledge alone. It was our purpose to cultivate, strengthen 
and develop a strong faith in the timeless truths of our Torah. We have tried 
to imbue you with the desire and will to preserve those teachings and perpetu- 
ate those tradititius. We have emphasized the development of your moral sense, 
because only such issues determine the kind of world we have. The greatest 
contributions that anyone can make are those of a moral nature. There is no 
doai'th of scientific achievements, of political, social or economic progress. The 
moral law liowever has not been al)le to keep pace with technology — it is easier 
For man to make an atom liomb than to know what to do with it. You however 
wlu) arc obsessed with an undying faith in the Divine nature of our Torah and 
its su]n-emaey in our everyday life are prepared to make moral contributions 
for tlie betterment of society. By virtue of the specialized training which you 
have received, you are in a unique position to .strengthen tlie moral structure 
of hi^manity. 

May your future thoughts and acts always rcllect these noble and loft\- 
ideals; may the Yeshiva University be able to point with pride to yoii: ma>- 
G-d bless your paths in life witli .success and spiritual achievement. 

RABBI ABRAHAM N. ZUR(^FF 
AiltniniMrntor. 



■ Five - 





RICHARD SILVERMAK 

EDITOR IN CHIEF 



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RflBBl BflRUCH N. FfllVELSON 

FACUUTY ADVISER 



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— Eight — 



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IJcy K. Saphire Principal 

B.A., College of the City of New York, 1912 ; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1913; Ph.D., 1920. 
Abraham N. Zuroft' Administrator 

B.A.. \cshiva Colleo-e, 1941; Rabbi 

M.A., Columbia Univcr.sity, 1948. 
Harry Ailan ^p^ 

B.S., New York University, 1931 ; M.A., 1933. 

Robert E. Bassell Civics and Endish 

B.A., Brooklyn College, 1940 ; M.A., 1942. 
■f iMoshe Berenliolz Helnew 

Rabbi, Ner YLsroel Rabbinical College, 1942. 
Isaac •.]. Cantor Spanish 

B.A., New York University, 1922 ; ' 

M.A., Columbia Universitj^, 1931. 
Baruch N. Paivelson Heljrew 

B.A., Yeshiva College, 1935 ; Rabbi 

M.A., Columbia University Teachers' College, 1947. 
Charles Friedman Science, Phvsics and ilathematics 

B.A., Yeshiva College, 1935 ; Rabbi 

LL.B., New York University, 1940. 
Jacob D. C4odin French and Spani.sh 

M.A., College of tlie City of New York, 1932: M.S.E., 1933. 
Emery Grossman JIusie 

Certificate in Music, 1930. " 

JuliiTs Jacobs Phvsical Education 

B.A., College of the City of New York, 1929 ; M.A., 1935. 
Julius Landowne Bioloov 

B.S., College of the City of New York, 1904 • 

M.A., New York University, 1912. 
Samuel H. Lebowitz Phvsics and Chemi'^nv 

B.S., College of the City -of New York; 1922; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1926. 
Jechiel Lichtenstein French and Hebrew 

Ph.D., University of Neuchatel, 1933. 
Martin Lilker Historv and Economics 

B.A., Yeshiva College, 1945; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1946. 
Joseph Sarachek Eno-lish 

Ph.D., Columbia University, 1936. 

Joseph B. Strum Eno-lisli 

B.A., College of the City of New, 1929 ; 

M.A., New York University, 1931. 
Morris Turetsky :\Iatliematics 

B.S., College of the City of New York, 1921; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1922; 

LL.B., St. Lawrence University, 1927. 

Samuel Levine Dii-ector 

Dinah Leviton Sccretarv to the Director 

B.A., Brooklyn College, 1947. 
■^ .Marilyn Sherman Secretary to tlic Administrator 



— Nine- 







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— Ten - 




— Eleven ■ 




MARVIN BIENENFELD 

Arista 5-S. T.A. Publications Business Mana- 
ger 8, "Academy News" 4, Chief Librarian 5-8, 
Library Squad 3, Class Secretary 2. Hebrew 
Club 3, 4. 

Hailing from Boro Park, "Bobo" distinguished 
himself, in his o\vn big -way, by doing most for 
the class. In cahoots with Rabbi Faivelson, he 
wrung the money for this "Elchanite" out of 
the students. A January graduate, he is at- 
tending Y.U. where he's getting the business 
(course). 

Bobo shows his best form 
When he's asleep in the dorm. 



MARVIN BLUSH 

Arista 5-8, Class T'ice-President 1. T.A. Publi- 
cations 4, Class Athletic Manager 7, Basketball 
Team Captain 6-8, Basketball Team 4-8, Class 
Debating Manager 2, Hebrew Club 3-5, Spanish 
Club 4, Science Club 1, 2, 7. 

Marvin has always been interested in basket- 
ball. He dribbled into T.A., passed all his 
subjects, hooked into Arista and fouled out 
on seven personal terms. His scoring aver- 
age — a phenomenal 93.8 per term. His hobby 
— collecting hundreds in math. 



Summary of Marvin's 3Vi years in T.A. 
hie, dribble, toil, and quibble. 



Drib- 




pifiijfiiiirs 



WALLACE CHAMEDES 

Class President 1, Class Vice-President 7, "Ko- 
lenu" Staff 6, "Academy News" 1, Charity Com- 
mittee 1-3, Photography Club 1, 2, Science Club 
2. Hebrew Club 3-8. 

Vel, a stanch Shomer and Hebraist, set an 
outstanding record by being one of the quiet- 
est and nicest fellows in the Senior Class. In- 
terested in medicine, he ^vill take a pre-med 
course at Veshiva, complete his professional 
education, and finally wind up in Aretz. 

He wanted to go on a sitdown strike, so he went 
to T.A. 



■ Tivelve — 



1V49 




STANLEY COHEN 

Debating Team 7. Librarian 7. Sanitation Man- 
ager 7. 

For advice on the fair sex, all we had to do 
was visit Stan, the class casanova. In his 
spare time, Stan helped build up our li- 
brary. He will probably pre-law at Brooklyn. 

It was a long shot but he graduated. 




NORMAN DACHS 

Arista 6-8, G.O. Vice-President 4, G.O. Com- 
mittees 4, Class Vice-President 3, Literary Edi- 
tor of "Elchanite" 7, 8, Basketball Team 5-8. 

Normie, one of the January boys, was never 
too busy to give advice (especially to you 
know who !K An ardent basketball enthusiast, 
his loyalty to T.A. was not overshadowed by 
his activities in Young Israel. Attending 
Brooklyn College, Normie is preparing him- 
self for a career in business. 

He came; he saw; he didn't like it. 

SAMUEL DERSHOWITZ 

Lab Assistant 7. Service Squad S, Basketball 
Team Trainer .^-8. Class Secretary 4, School 
Choir 6-8. Photography Club 1. 2. 

"Dersh," the class' mad scientist, endeared 
himself to Rabbi Yogel with his astute Tal- 
mudic dissertations. As class physician, he 
was ahvays waiting for the chance to operate 
on a teacher. Perhaps he'll ijct his chance at 
'^'.U. this fall where he \\\\\ pursue, among 
other things, his pre-medical studies. 

Sam has an inferiority complrx — efcryone is 
inferior to him. 



■ Thirteen - 



sifiijiijurs 




SAMUEL FEDER 

Arista Vice-President 5-6, G.O. President 1, 
Class Vice-President 6, "Academy IWews" Staff 
3, "Elchanite" Board 7, 8, Class Athletic Man- 
ager 4, Hebrew Club 3, Math Club 7, Science 
Club 1, 2, Spanish Club 3. Infantile Paralysis 
Drive Chairman 3. 

Suave and sincere, Sam was ahvays a popular 
guy. As G.O. president, he get us cut of many 
a broil. Aside from his political activities, 
Sam was an ardent Talmud scholar and is 
now continuing his education at Y.U. 

Out upon it! I have studied three whole days 
together. 




JOSEPH FISCHER 

Debating Team 7, Class Secretary 6. 7, Sanita- 
tion Manager .5, Photography Club 1-3, Science 
Club 7, 8. 

"Yuss," the lone commuter from Kew Gar- 
dens, has the distinction of being the first 
of T.A. Brooklyn to go to Aretz. He will con- 
tinue his education there at the Hebrew Uni- 
versity. "Yuss's" ambition is to work on his 
own farm in Aretz. 

Joe is a wail of a student. 



IRVING FORMAN 

Arista 5-8, Class President 6-8, Class Vice-Pres- 
ident 5, G.O. Athletic Manager 3, T.A. Publica- 
tions 6. Co-Captain of Basketball Team 5-8, Li- 
brary Squad 7, 8, Math Club 7, Newspaper Club 
8, Science Club 1. 

Irv, a rabid hoopster and athletic champ, got 
through T.A. in his own quiet way. As Senior 
Glass president he led us to the end without 
a scrape. Irv w'ill attend Yeshiva University 
this fall where he will prepare for a career in 
engineering. 

// history was a McCoy, he'd be a Hatfield. 



-Fourteen — 




JACK GLICKMAN 

Class President I. "Tatler" 5. Sclioal Entertain- 
er S-S, Class Secretary 2, 3, Hebrew Club 5, 6, 
Public Speaking Club 7, S. 

"Inch," whom we inherited from Uptown, is 
forever performing magic and trying to tell 
\%hat he calls jokes at the same time, j^n 
active participant in the Shomer, whose mem- 
bers must also bear his witticisms. Jack will 
return to home country this fall. (To Y.U., 
naturally!) 

He's always cracking jokes, hi other words, a 
repeat performance. 



EDWIN A. GOLDSTEIN 

Arista President S, Arista 7, S, Class Vice-Pres- 
ident 3, Assistant Editor of "Kolenu" 2-8. T.A. 
Publications 4-8, T.A. Publications Business 
Manager 4, 5, Service Squad 7 , 8, Debating Team 
2, 3, 5, Class Secretary 2, President of Hebrew 
Club 4, 5. Hebrew Club 2-i). President of Math 
Club 7, 8, Math Club 6-8, Science Club 1. 

Quiet and retiring (He's constantly falling 
asleep), Edwin has big plans to become a psy- 
chiatrist. (He's going to buy a big couch.) A 
true lover of Hebrew, he's worked long and 
hard for "Kolenu" and T.A. Publications and 
hopes to go to Aretz some day where they 
teach Geniorrah in Hebrew. 

Alas, poor Sigmund, I knew him well. 




IRVING GREENBERG 

Arista 8, G.O. President 8, Class President 3, 5. 
"Elchanite" Board 7, 8, Editor-in-Chief of "Tat- 
ler" 7, 8, Assistant Editor of "Kolenu" 4-8, T.A. 
Publications 6, School Debating Team 6-8. Class 
Debating Team 1-8. Debating Manager 1. 2. 6, 
President of Hebrew Club 2-4, Hebrew Club 
2-6, Public Speaking Club 7, 8. 

"Itz" is really a mental giant (all 6 2' of him). 
He's Rabbi ZurofF's nemesis, being the only 
one the rabbi can't look down at. He's been 
in the G.O. so long they think it's called 
Greenberg's Organization. "Itz" really gets 
along well with the teachers and there is no 
basis to the rumor that Rabbi Faivelson 
spiked his Pepsi. An ardent Zionist when 
arguing, he always says : "I don't know about 
that ; you've got to sho-mer." 
Roses are red, violets are blue. 
"Itzy's" pretty colorful too! 



1 949 



— Fifteen — 




MARTIN KAHANE 

Literary Editor of "Elchanite" 7, 8, School De- 
bating Team 7, 8, "Kolenu" Staff 5-8. Class De- 
bating Team 5-8, Library 7, 8. Choir 6, 8, Class 
Secretary 3, Secretary of Hebrew Club 3, He- 
brew Club 5-8, Public Speaking Club 8. 

Good looking (so he says), intelligent, and 
possessing a grand personality, (If you don't 
believe it, ask the man who knows — Martin 
Kahane.), this baby is packaged for delivery 
in Israel. In the meantime, he's becoming a 
journalist to while the time away. 

He joined the "Cherut" (Freedom) Movement 
to get out of school. 




PAUL KAHN 

Class Vice-President 8, Debating Team 4, Char- 
ity Chairtnan 5, Science Club 1. 2, Vice-Presi- 
dent of Photography Club 4, Hebrew Club 1-8. 

Pinchus, a stanch Bensonhurst Shomer, was 
always one for the wisecrack. (Eventually 
Messrs. Lebowitz and Lilker got used to it.) 
His ambition was, is, and always ■will be to 
go to Israel, and he will do same via Y.U. 

Shomer is truth, truth Shomer — 
That is all ye need to know. 





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JUDAH KIRSHBLUM 

Class President 2, Chief Librarian 8. Library 
Staff 5-8, Class A thletic Manager 8. 

Judah, the best dressed man of 1949, finally 
convinced the administration to let him out. 
As librarian, he was a good duster. Judah 
will attend Brooklyn College in the fall where 
he will prepare for a career in business. 

Education never interfered with his schooling. 



— Sixteen- 



1949 




RONALD W. LANDAU 

Class Vice-President 5, Class Secretary 4, 6, 8, 
Hebrew Club 2-5, Science Club 1, 2, 6-8. 

Quite a scientific mind has Ronald W. and if 
he doesn't become a great scientist a lot of 
people will be surprised. But the erratic Mr. 
Landau will probably fool us and become a 
multi-millionaire. 

School has been a constant race between Ronnie 
and the bell. 



RICHARD SILVERMAN 

Arista President 7, Arista 5-8, Editor-in-Chief 
of "Elchanite" 7, 8, Editor-in-Chief of "Tafler" 
5, 6, Assistant Editor of "Tatler" 7, 8, Assistant 
Editor of "Kolenit" 5-8, T.A. Publications 5, 7. 
8. Managing Editor of "Academy News" 3, "El- 
chanite" Typist 6, Class Debating Team 5, 6. 
President of French Club 7, 8, Sercretary of 
Hebrew Club 3, Hebrew Club 3-6, Vice-Presi- 
dent of Science Club 2, Science Club 1, 2, Pho- 
tography Club 1, 2. 

Richard, quite an active fellow, distinguished 
T.A. and himself by winning top honors in 
the National French Contest. Aside from 
using his wits to grind out the "Elchanite," 
"Kolenu," and the "Tatler," Dick also keeps 
tabs on the teachers. He will attend Columbia 
this fall where he will probably study inter- 
national relations. 
In English. Richie failed ■ — to get a hundred. 




SAMUEL SILVERSTEIN 

Class Vice-President 6, G.O. Service Squad 8. 
"Kolenu" Staff 5, T.A. Publications Art Com- 
mittee 6. T.A. Publications Typist 3, 4, Class 
.Athletic Manager 4. Basketball Team 4-6. School 
Choir 6. Class Secretary 5, Hebrew Club 2-5. 
Radio Club 7, 8, Science Club 1. 

Serious and hard working, Sammy has im- 
proved from term to term until he is now 
leader of the class. (He leads the class to 
recess.) Since math is so easy to him, he 
hopes to become an engineer and some day 
huild a dam in Israel named after him. (Vou 
k^o^v, Dam Silverstein.) 

He cured his insomnia in T..4. 



- Seventeen — 



FIfi}Ji)J]J7£ 




AARON STAVISKY 

"Tatler" 5, "Academy News" 2, 3, T.A. Pub- 
lications 7. 8, School Debating Manager 7, De- 
bating Team 5-7, Class Sanitation Manager 7. 

Aaron took life easy at T.A. (and why not?). 
As debating manager of the school, he made 
the phrase "Complaceny to utilization implies 
acquiescence to realization," a fav^orite T.A. 
slogan. Now at Y.U., Aaron is majoring in 
the humanities and will eventually pursue a 
career in business. 

For all that, and all that 
Aaron's a graduate for all that. 




ISRAEL STURM 

A rista 8. Class President 3. 6. Class Vice- Pres- 
ident 2. "Elchanite" Art Staff 8. Kolenu" Staff 
5. G.O. Newspaper Committee 6, Debating 
Team 5, Sanitation Manager 5, Hebrew Club 
2-5, Music Club 8, Math Club 7. 

Class philosopher, psychologist, adviser on 
human relations and what not, Israel remains 
Rabbi Faivelson's classic answer to the To- 
rah \''odaath boys. ("Look at Sturm," says 
Rabbi Faivelson. "You look at him," retorts 
the blase senior. ' He will take his philosophy, 
advice, etc. to N.Y.U. this fall where he will 
pre-med. 

School has been one long interruption of his 
dailv routine. 




NORMAN TOPOROVSKY 

Arista Secretary 8, G.O. i' ice-President 5. 8, 
G.O. Secretary J. Class President 4. T.A. Pub- 
lications Business Manager 8. T..4. Publications 
7. 8. Debating Team 4. Class Athletic Manager 
2. Vice-President of Hebrew Club 2-4. Secre- 
tary of Hebrew Club 5. Photography Club 1, 
Radio Club 6, 8. 

In between recesses, "Tippy" has done an 
awful amount of work for the school 'with 
emphasis on awful) and especially for T.A. 
Publications. He's also been pulling some 
mighty respectable marks without doing home- 
work. (The secret's out, teachers.) A stanch 
New Dealer, he was appointed Director of the 
P.G.A.F.T.A.P. Bureau. (That's the Please- 
Get-Ads-For-T.A.-Publications Bureau.) 

He gave his all fSl.50) for T.A. Publications. 



— Eighteen — 




kiJ.. 



MURRAY WACHMAN 

Arista 5-S, "Elchanite" Art Staff 6-S. Class Pres- 
ident 4, 6, Secretary of G.O. 2, "A cademy News" 
Art Staff 1, 4, Hebrew Club 3, 4, "Kolenu" Ar- 
tist 7, Librarian 5, Secretary-Treasurer of Sci- 
ence Club 1, Spanish Club 3. 

Murray, the class artist and the only T.A. 
student who ever took Mr. Allan seriously, 
came forth with his talents to bring some life 
to the "Elchanite." (Editor: N.B.) Always 
ready with a joke to soothe a down-hearted 
soul, he decided to make his exit quickly and 
graduated in January. At Brooklyn, Murray 
is taking a scientific course and will ultimateh 
become an engineer. 

He drew lots and came to T.A. 




IRWIN E. WITTY 

Secretary-Treasurer of G.O. 5, Editor-in-Chief 
of "Kolenu" 3-8, "Elchanite" Editorial Board 
7, 8, Associate Editor of "Tatler" 6-8, T.A. Pub- 
lications 5-8, Reporter for "Academy Neus" 5, 
School Debating Manager .5. Class Debating 
Team 5, 7, 8, Class Secretary 4. Choir 6-8. He- 
brew Club 3-7, Science Club 1, 2. 

This kid got the service bug into his system 
and piled himself up a neat 110 service credits 
plus the honor of doing most for the school. 
"Itz," a stanch Shomer and advocate of things 
Hebrew, brought the idea of a Hebrew maga- 
zine for the school to a reality. We'll be see- 
ing him this fall at Y.U. where he will pre- 
pare for the rabbinate and the bar. 

His extra-curricular activities are his classes. 



VM9 



— Nineteen — 



CLASS POLL 

Class Artist IMURKAY AYACHMAX 

Class Athlete lEVIXG FORIMAX 

Most Brilliant RICHARD SILVERilAX 

Class Casanova STAXLEY COHEX 

Did Most For Class ]»IARYIX BIEXEXFELD 

jMost Dependable iLYRYIX BLUSH 

Most Dignified XORiLlX DACHS 

Best Dressed JUDAH KIRSHBLOI 

Class Hebraist WALLACE CHA:\IEDES 

Class Hypnotist JACK GLICIOIAX 

Class JournaUst .MARTIX KAHAXE 

Best Xatured ■ ■ SAMUEL SILYERSTEIX 

Class Optimist RONALD LANDAU 

Class Orator IRYIXG GREENBERG 

Class Philosopher ISRAEL STURM 

Class Photographer JOSEPH FISCHER 

Most Popular SA3IUEL FEDER 

Class Satirist AARON STAYISKY 

Did Most For School IRY^IX AYITTY 

Class Scientist SA3IUEL DERSHOWITZ 

Most Likely to Succeed X0R:\IAX TOPOROVSKY 

Most Versatile ■ • .EDWIX GOLDSTEIN 

Class Zionist PAUT!. KAHN 

Favorite Teacher RABBI BARUCH X. FAIYELSOX 

Favorite Subject MATHEMATICS 

Least Popular Subject ilUSIC 



- Tiventy — 




■ Twenty-One ■ 




SEPTEMBER '45 

Some place! Really impressive. Best Yeshiva I ever 
saw. I knocked and a nasty pfc told me this was 
the armory and my building was across the street. 
I looked in that direction and smiled sickly. Oh 
well. Ebbets Field is only two blocks away. 

OCTOBER '45 

New boy came in today. Looks bright. Name's 
Richie. 

NOVEMBER '45 

Three Cohens and two Hymans. I'm still confused. 
Dr. Charles writes the Spanish assignment on the 
walls. No blackboard yet. New Spanish teacher 
. . . Professor Cambia . . . Mr. Stillerman . . . Mr. 
Gonzales . . . Any more.' 

JANUARY -46 

Final exams! Some ditference from grade school. 

FEBRUARY 

Rabbi Kanatopsky teaches us algebra. Mr. Lebo- 
witz, the science teacher, says you can buy a book 
telling how to make an atom bomb for one dollar. 
Careful, the Thomas Committee is listening. 




APRH 

No fooling, a new secretary. She's not married. 
Can't type either. Call for Bienenfeld. 'We want 
vital statistics. 
P.S. Her name's Marilyn. 



JUNE 

Exams and vacation. No school till September! 

OCTOBER 

Due to the groundwork of the fourth termers, the 
bio marks are phenomenal . . . Hmm? 




SO?UOV10R€ 



NOVEMBER 

New Spanish teacher. Looks more durable. I think 
Mr. Cantor's here to stay . . . Lunchroom is in full 
swing. 

DECEMBER 

Freshies come to look around. 'We tell them the 
elevator is out of order so they can't see the gym 
or pool. They'll learn. So why break their hearts 
now ? 

JANUARY '47 

Geometry I. "I gave you this book but how can yoi: 
prove I gave it to you.' . . . This formula will come 
in useful if you ever take Advanced Algebra. No, 
you never use it in geometry." . . . Odd subject 
. . . Flunked Regents. 

FEBRUARY 

Please give me an excused admit. Aw! The other 
secretary always gave excused admits. 



■Tiventy-Two- 



MAY 

In the Spring . . . Next year Ramaz holds its 
Lag B'Omer outing elsewhere. 

JUNE 

Bio and language Regents not too bad considering. 
Arista formed . . . Oh well, maybe I'll get in next 
term. Finished with minors. Wachman must have 
made plenty drawing during the past two years. 

SEPTEMBER 

History I. Well, Mr. Lilker. . . . Whafs KCLO3, 
Mr. Lebowitz. "You here again. I thought I saw 
the last of you in general science." 

OCTOBER 

On Tuesday, Rabbi Faivelson tells his classes he 
wants $400 by Thursday. O.K. Real money? 

NOVEMBER 

Library now going full force. "Look, Bienenfeld, 
1 don't owe any money on this book." 

DECEMBER 

1 hear we're buying the Knights of Columbus 
mansion in Flatbush for an annex . . . Lot next 
door bought for two story annex. 

JANUARY '48 

What's logs, huh? . . . Ask Mr. Turetsky. 

FEBRUARY 

Dr. Saphire said no three and a half year course. 
This is a four year school and that's that. Maybe 
only hardship cases. Hey Moish, can you get me a 



draft registration card? 



JUHlOl\ 




JUNE 

Bernstein cut 45 out of 50 math classes and got 96 
on the Regents. Mr. Turetsky's theory is that he 
took a home study course while he was absent 
. . . Feld, who has been counting since first term, 
says only three days to graduation. 

SEPTEMBER 

Advanced Algebra is unique. No walls in the class- 
room, no blackboards, (no place to put them) and 
no textbooks. The teacher's room is American 
History II's class . . . Feder sits in the closet (with 
the door open) . . . 3'/2 year course announced. 
Bienenfeld, Dachs, Feder, Stavisky and Wachman 
get out in February . . . Dershowitz becomes a 
cliemistry major . . . 

OCTOBER 

Double American History. Double English, Double 
trouble for Messrs. Strum and Lilker. With only 
five boys graduating we'd have had individual in- 
struction if only Bienenfeld would stop persecuting 
Stavisky. Then we'd learn mebbe. 

NOVEMBER 

Got our Senior pins. Five men of distinction . . . 



Mr. Cantor keeps saying some of his boys dis- 
appointed him on the Regents ... I don't care 
what you did to Joe Fisher. I still say you can't 
hypnotize me. Yes, Jack Glickman, I see a three- 
headed boy. 

DECEMBER 

Hurricane strikes Florida. 12,000,000 dollar dam- 
age. How dreadful . . . Dr. Saphir pays Seniors a 
visit to reassure us we can't make it in 3'/2 years. 
However, new five year plan (course) introduced. 

JANUARY "49 

Five familiar faces are no longer with us. They've 
gone the way of all students and will be no more. 
Ah well, five down, eighteen to go . . . Say, Tippy, 
I hear Dr. Sarachek's giving out lOO's in English. 
What? I failed? Aw! Wait till next year .... 

FEBRUARY 

Seniors in control of G.O. executive. Greenberg, 
president; Toporovsky, vice-president; Blush, 
Athletic Manager . . . All three got 160 votes. 
Roll call reveals 155 students in school . . . We 
got four new telephones we don't use, so we had 
to get a switchboard . . . We don't use that either. 

M4RCH 

Only 102,240 minutes of school left. As La Guardia 
would say, "Patience and Fortitude.'' 

APRIL 

Say, Irv, what's the cotan of a b c over 
capillary action x Treaty of Chapultepec? Well, 
"leave the room." . . . Brooklyn College test. Y.U., 
here I come! 

MAY 

Guess what? The Regents Scholarship Exam! 
Lucky I had my ouija board along. Gee, that Der- 
showitz knows his bio . . . Lag B'Omer outing . . . 
Student Day arrives. What'sa matter Greenberg, 
gotta stiff neck? Mr. Bassell has to read from 
"Canterbury Tales," takes off jacket. Hot day, huh? 



JUNE 



We passed! We passed! We passed! What? We 
failed? I want my tuition back . . . Graduation 
night. Bewildered ... in a daze. Shake hands. 
Diploma . . . FREE. 

"And all my bonds aside were cast 
Yet these heavy walls to me had grown 
A hermitage — and all my own 
And half I felt that they had come 
To tear me from a second home . . . 
My very chains and I were friends 
So much a long communion tends 
To make us what we are — even I 
Regained my freedom with a sigh 
And so to CO 




^ENtoR, 



Twenty-Three- 




~f| FALSEHOOD/ GLASPHeny, PREUAR lCAT»o/V ]f 



azer 



Vol. 1 No. 1 



Published bv T.A. Brooklvn Alumni 



January 1, 196 



Kahane Demands Asia! 



& 



Martin Kahane, candidate for president on the 
Cherut party ticket, today closed his campaign with a 
reaffirmation of his party's slogan, "Reannexation of 
Asia and Eeoccupation of Europe." He again stated 
his party's platfonn which is as follows: 

1) We must have a Jewish state on both sides 
of the Pacific. 

2) We demand a port that is frozen all year 
round. 

3) 108° 80' or fight! 

4) Long live shekel diplomacy! 

As candidate of the "mildly" expansionist party, 
Cherut, Mr. Kahane reafl^rmed his detennination to 
buy Patagonia for $7,200,000 though some critics have 
labeled it "Beigin's Folly." 



NEW ECONOMY DRIVE 

GETS UNDER WAY IN GOVERNMENT 

Marvin Bienenfeld, successful businessman and 
financier, who amassed a huge private fortune selling 
old bio tests to students and swimming suits to the 
Eskimos at the North Pole, today announced new 
economy measures in the budget. Appointed by an 
economy-minded Congress after the U.S. announced 
an 83 billion dollar budget for the third straight year, 
Mr. Bienenfeld has been doing exhaustive research 
on each department's expenditures in the government. 
These are his cuts in the 83 billion dollar budget : 

1) Instead of putting extra stamps on hea\7 letters, 
risk mailing them vAXh. one stamp. 

2) ■^^Tiereas in the past U.S. government letters were 
sealed with the gum on the flaps, in the future they 
will be closed by inserting the flap into the letter. 
Thus the government saves the price of the gum on the 
flaps. 

3) Whereas in the past every department hired 
unskilled labor to lick the backs of stamps, in the 
future it will be a civil service job and thus we will 
have skilled and rapid labor do the job. (Ed. Note: 
There is no basis to the rumor that Mr. Bienenfeld will 
hire certain students to the last job even if they are 

.skilled at the work.) 

Mr. Bienenfeld estimated the savings by his moves 




Kahane Addressing Usual Overflow Audience 

NOTHINGATRON DISCOVERED! 

Mr. Irving Forman rose to new heights in the elec- 
trical world last night when he discovered the nothing- 
atron. 

As Mr. Forman said: "I was feeling mighty low 
last night. Then I sat down on a tack. You have no idea 
what a lift that gave me. When I landed. I had lost 
my glasses. It was then that I saw the nothingatron." 

Mr. Forman gave the following facts about the 
nothingatron. Its diameter is .000000 of an inch. In 
fact it is so small that even the most powerful micro- 
scope cannot see it. It has no weight and no electrical 
charge. 

This morning, however, Pravda denounced Mr. For- 
man's discovery as "capitalist propaganda." "It is a 
well known fact, said Pravda, that in 1854 Nikolai For- 
mansky discovered the nothingatron in Russia. (That 
is the same year by the way that Orville and Wilbur 
Left discovered the airplane near Moscow.) 

When asked this morning by your reporter whether 
he realized the magnitude of his discovery, Mr. For- 
man answered: "Oh, it was nothing at all." 

at a minimum of $50, which is enough to put a full 
page ad in the Elchanite, advertising the savings. 
(Ed. Note: All this trouble might have been avoided 
if Congress had not revoked the free mailing rights of 
government departments in 1963.) ■ 



— Twenty-Four 



PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINE DISCOVERED 
LANDAU MAKES NEWS AGAIN! 

Ronald Landau, famous physicist and watch lover 
extraordinary, today announced that he had discovered 
the long awaited perpetual motion machine. Said Mr. 
Landau : "After 37 years of experimentation, I have 
come to the conclusion that my mouth is a perpetual 
motion machine." Scientific authorities investigating 
Mr. Landau's claims believe that they are true, for 
no one who has ever known Landau can remember 
when his mouth stopped going. As Mr. Landau's law- 
yer said : "It's an open and shut case. Moreover, I 
would like to point out that although many perpetual 
motion machines were invented using the principle of 
■water, this is the first one using a drip." 

Mr. Landau is a great watch and clock lover. In fact, 
last year he fired two employees for "punching the 
clock" when they entered the office. 

Mr. Landau is also a famous mathematician and 
he used higher mathematics to develop his machine. 
Some of his calculations are pictured on the right. 
(See photo at right.) 



TOPOROVSKY RETURNS FROM TONGERIK! 

Dr. Norman Toporovsky returned yesterday from 
Tongerik Atoll where he served as medicine man for 
the natives for the past ten years. Your reporter had 
the, following interview with Dr. Toporovsky. 

!; i,.' ,'■...-■ .11: ... •! ,.(. 

Question: How isthe health isituation in South Paei;fic? 

Answer: Excellent. Mary Martin is in the pink of 
health. 

Question: I meant in the South Pacific islands. How is 
the health of the natives? 

Answer : Beastly good. However, the hospital facilities 
are quite primitive. 

Question: How have you helped improve the health of 
the natives? 

Answer: When I came to the island ten years ago, it 
was dreadful. The poor natives didn't even know 
that they were sick. Why, they spent their whole 
lives without seeing a doctor or going to the hos- 
pital. However, I quickly remedied the situation. 
I showed them how many sicknesses they should 
have. I instituted many health weeks. There were 
appendicitis weeks, pneumonia weeks, and influ- 
enza weeks. It was I who discovered the three 
types of cold (which necessitated seeing the doc- 
tor three times.) They are the uncommon cold, 
the fairly common cold, and the common cold. 

Question: What was your greatest thrill in your ten 

years at the atoll? 
Answer: When I almost beat my trained chimpanzee 

at chess. 
Dr. Toporovsky said that he is now worth ten 
million cocoanuts. 




Mr. Landau's Calculations 



WORLD-FAMOUS PSYCHOLOGIST INTERVIEWED 

Professor Edwin A. Goldstein, author of the best 
selling "Sex Habits in the Male Mosquito," was inter- 
viewed today by your reporter. The book which .sold 
18,000,000 copies (Every male mosquito bought one) 
was written by Prof. Goldstein on one of his periodic 
"visits" to Ward 3 at Bellevue. Prof. Goldstein told 
your correspondent that he is now writing a sequel 
called "I Didn't Meant It" revealing that all his revela- 
tions about the revealing facts of mosquito life were 
revealed to be false. He has already been promised by 
the Boston censor, his brother-in-law, that the book 
will be banned for revealing too much and so the book 
can be expected to succeed. 

Prof. Goldstein is now teaching at Westminster 
College. (See photo below.) 



© .1 


^ 


3^^^^^^^^ 


' 


\^ 


• 1 


m 


m 


J 



Dr. Goldstein and two of his patients 



12 ANARCHISTS ACQUITTED! 

Capping a series of brilliant moves, Irwin Witty, 
famous lawyer, won a mistrial for his twelve clients 
last night. Mr. Witty, however, was held in the highest 
contempt of court. 
(The court had nothing but contempt for Mr. Witty.) 

Mr. Witty's legalistic niove.s are worthy of mention. 
He first swung public opinion to his clients' side by 
becoming their lawyer. This moved the public to have 
great compassion for the twelve doomed men. He next 
demanded a ruling of mistrial because of improper 
lawyer and defense. This was an irrefutable argument 
and Judge State, the presiding judge, had to rule a 
mistrial. 



• Twenty-Five- 



NEW PAINTING ANALYZED! 

Murray Wachman's now famous drawing "Two 
Polar Bears With Backs to Viewer at North Pole 
during Snow Storm," (See Photo) was analyzed today 
by Israel Sturm, noted psychoanalyst. Mr. Wachman's 
drawing took the intellectual world by stoiTn when it 
came out a few months ago. In his own words: "I 
got the idea from poetry. In poetry we have free 
verse and blank verse. Well, I've seen free painting 
and now I have painted 'blank painting.' " 

Professor Sturm's analysis is as follows: (Ed. Note: 
Sse photo of drawing as he analyzes it.) Notice the 
powerful stroke of white. This shows that Mr. Wach- 
man is forceful and has an exit in life. However the 
slight waver in the center shows there is an inner 
conflict. In other words, he has a Thyestes complex. 
That is, he suspected his great uncle of maltreating 
his brother-in-law's cousin's aunt whom he thought 
he once saw. However, now that his sister is married, 
it is obviously wrong and his picture shows this. The 
color composition further shows that at the age of 
one year, three months, and eight days, Mr. 
Wachman was dropped on his head in a pile of snow 
thus causing this drawing." 

(NOTE: Mr. Wachman is also the artist who drew 
the famous "Midnight in a Blacked-Out Town when 

the Moon and Stars Aren't Out.") 



NEW BOOK ON GEMARRA PUBLISHED! 

Rabbi Samuel Feder astounded the Talmudic world 
with the publication of his new treatise on the Gemar- 
ra entitled, "Stop the Nigun." In this work. Rabbi Feder 
asks many questions on the commentaries. Among the 
questions was the following one. "If a man should 
hit his friend over the head with an iron bar, and the 
iron bar should break, and one of the pieces should fly 
through a steel grate and break a metal magnet which 
would then repel three pounds of iron filings through 
the window, is the owner of the steel mill obligated to 
pay two cents per pound for iron ore to the miner?" 
Said one commentator: "It is an "eiseneh" question." 
A 2nd expert said, "N-n-yah." An unidentified person 
said : "The answer to this may be found on page 19 of 
the Reverend's Handbook." 

Rabbi Feder is the author of several other books of 
questions and answers on the Talmud entitled, "So you 
want to give a Shiur?", "Rishonim or Nothing", and 
"The 64 answer question." 



SAM. YOU MADE THE EGGS TOO HARD 

by L. E. G. Horn, Special Correspondent 

Samuel Silverstein, engineer and mathematician, 
was honored last night for solving the age-old enigma, 
"WTiich came first, the chicken or the egg?" 

Mr. Silverstein said they came together. He pro\ed 
this by his new formula which has five steps in it. 

1) _3-s "x ffir-x3 

2) _3+x4°=3x4 x 2-'«46 = oo 
Subtract fifteen just for the fun of it. 
Add twenty-five if in a good mood. 

5) Mix, shake well and serve slightly warm. 

Mr. Silverstein modestlj' refused any credit for 
the foi-mula. Said Mr. Silverstein, "Let's be hard 
boiled about this. I don't desei-ve credit. My history 
teacher used the formula for many years. I merely 
gave it a new use." 

As a reward, Mr. Silverstein was given a chicken 
inspection badge, five dozen rotten eggs, and the title 
of Grand Egg. 

P.S. At the present time Mr. Silverstein is studying 
the properties of chickens and eggs. 



3) 
4) 



NEW KIBBUTZ OPENED 

IN HONOR OF GREENBERG 

Yitzchak Greenberg, head of the A.F.L. (Aretz 
Federation of Labor) and famous political leader, 
whose maiden speech in the Asefat Hanivcharim on 
behalf of delinquent Yeshiva boys was a sensation, 
today officiated at the founding of Kfar Yitzchak. The 
ceremonies, however, were picketed by rivals, who 
claimed that the kibbutz should be named Kfar Jacob 
( Avraham has not been heard from yet). Upon being 
heckled, Mr. Greenberg said: "Stop kibbutzing." 

Mr. Greenberg has been in the news several times 
in the past. Once he was head of the Third Floor Of- 
fice Worker's Union who wanted to be transferred to 
the fourth floor. When the boss refused, the workers 
struck for a raise. 

Last year there were 
also two attempts on 
I\Ir. Greenberg 's life. 
(_)nce a hired thng fii-ed 
buckshot — (dollar bills) 
at ilr. Greenberg. 

However, the money 
went awry because ev- 
eryone knows that cap- 
ital is afraid of labor. 

A second time a car 
attempted to run him 
down, but Mr. Green- 
lierg merely sprad his 
legs and the ear zoomed 
under. (For season see 
nhoto) 



Space (Iocs not permit 
'implctr picture. 




■ Twenty-Six — 




ENTERTAINERS ANNOUNCE NEW ACTS! 

Zev Chamedes, Pinehas Kahn and Akiva Glickman, 
the three chalutz entertainers, for Hakibbutz Hadati, 
announced their new acts today. 

Zev Chamedes and Pinehas Kahn announced a new 
death-defying act. fThey crack jokes before an 
audience which hasn't been disarmed.), while Akiva 
Glickman, alias Hypno, the magician and hj-pnotist, 
announced his new magic trick. He shuffles a pack 
of elephants, cuts twice, and deals out ivory keys. 

Followers of the entertainment world are breath- 
lessly awaiting the new acts since they recall the sensa- 
tional old acts of the three. (1) Kahn and Chamedes 
duet with Kahn singing (?) and Chamedes playing 
the comb. (2) Glickman's now famous hypnosis of 
the Sphinx which made it honest. (Up to then, it had 
always been half lion.) 



U.S. AMBASSADOR REACHES MOON! 

Richard Silverman, first U.S. Ambassador to the 
Moon and founder and originator of the M.R.P. 
(Moon Recovery Plan) arrived at the moon at 1:57 
this afternoon. Mr. Silverman radioed the following 
message : "Attention all cheese lovers. There is no 
basis for the rumor that the moon is made out of 
green cheese ; it's made completely of American 
cheese. However, I t-t-think that I 1-1-landed on the 
w-w-w-rong side of the m-m-oon because the s-s-sun 
isn't s-s-shining h-h-here at all." 

Washington greeted the news of Mr. Silverman's 
landing with mixed reactions. Senator Miller said: 
"Ah have always been against this trip. It is obviously 
a Communist plot. There is no question in mah mind 
that the moon is anti-U.S. for everyone knows that it 
is a satellite." 



SMASH STAVISKY COMEDY ARRIVES! 

PLAY GOES OVER WITH A BANG! 

A new smash comedy opened last night at the 
Habimah Theater in Tel Aviv. It was entitled "You 
Too Can Pass a Regents" and it was in three acts 
(looking, copying and handing in.) The play was 
a "riot" and the audience just died laughing. 

The critics who had been warned beforehand went 
for the play in a big way. Said one critic, "Looking 
up the barrel of a gun, the play was terrific." Another 
critic said, "The jokes came as fast machine gun 
bullets and were just as funny." Said another critic, 
"The play smells." 

Mr. Stavisky is also the author of a best-selling 
novel, "Wherefore art thou?" an epic and grand ver- 
sion of the Lost Weekend, entitled "The Last Decade" 
or "Mv Ten Years at T.A." 



rJEW ANTI-TRUST ACTION IN WASHINGTON: 

The Dept. of Injustice brought anti-trust actions 
against Judah Kirshblum, prominent businessman, for 
comering the market in left-handed teacups. Stanley 
Cohen, corporation lawiyer, defended Mr. Kirshblum 
in a brief submitted to the court. Said Mr. Cohen: 
"Mr. Kirshblum v/as raising the price on left-handed 
teacups to make it impossible for leftists to drink tea. 
Thus ha was defending the American way of life. 
Besides, one half of the monopoly profits were going 
to a Y.U. scholarship fund." 

Mr. Kirshblum is well known for his terrific coup 
a few years ago. At that time, he sewed up the rotten 
egg market just before one of Ernest Bevin's trips to 
America and made a killing, selling them to demon- 
strators. 



NEW PRODUCT ANNOUNCED! 

Marvin Blush, head of the Legume Tooth Powder 
Co., makers of Peter, the only soap made out of cab- 
bage, (Motto: If you're tired of washing with it, 
eat it.) today announced his new product, "Bl." the 
perfume with the magic ingredient, "Dizgazding." 

Mr. Blush made the following statement. "Bl" is 
guaranteed to make every young girl a Hollywood 
star. Our motto will be "Why Dream of Being a Holly- 
wood actress? Bl". "Bl" is made out of limburger 
cheese with 'infusion de skunk' added. Be 'outsanding' 
in company with 'Bl.' Nine out of ten Hollywood 
actresses prefer 'Bl' to fertilizer. 'Bl' comes in three 
sizes: economy size, jumbo size, and hoohah!" 



OPERATION SAVES LIFE! 

Dr. Samuel Dershowitz today successfully completed 
a hazardous operation on Mr. Joseph Fischer. The 
operation was in two parts. The first was a brain 
operation which was done with ultra-microscopic tools. 
The second was a gastro-skeneatelic operation (which 
was done with mirrors.) 

It seems that Mr. Fischer had swallowed a copy of 
"Life" magazine and it had gone to his head. Thus 
Dr. Dershowitz saved a "Life" by operating. 

P.S. Dr. Dershowitz has mislaid a loaded revolver. 
If anyone finds it, please return it. 

P. P.S. Mr. Fischer announced that he was suffering 
from shooting pains. 




Dr. Dershowifz at Work 



Twevty-Seven ■ 



NEW MANUSCRIPT DISCOVERED! HISTORIANS AMAZED! 

Mr. Norman Dachs, prominent life-insurance sales- Street (who's been dead for fifteen years), he dug up 

man and president of the Dachs Life Insurance Co. an old manuscript. The manuscript had the date 5709 

(Motto: The Dachs Life Insurance is as strong as on it and since up to now historians believed that man 

a marshmallow), today discovered a manuscript which could not write in 5709 B.C.E., this knocks history 

has revolutionized history. While attempting to sell a into a cocked hat for it is not only written but printed, 

life insurance policy to a resident of 1060 President Here is a reproduction of the document. 



Prntncnlg nf Elfipra nf tljp SI. A. 



AYe, the Elders of T. A., otherwise known as Seniors, being in complete 
possession of oiir facilities (having just taken prisoner our Hebrew and Eng- 
lish teachers), do hereby dispose of our unearthly possessions in the following 
manner . . . 

To RABBI FAIVELSON we leave a court record, so he'll know what's 
involved in his ease. 

To DR. LICHTENSTEIN we leave a "Chumash" class that understands 
French. 

To DR. SARACHEK we leave a class of boys and girls to increase bis 
basic vocabulary. 

To MR. STRU^M we leave a loudspeaker so they can hear him in the back. 

To MR. FRIEDMAN we leave a new science to master. 

To MR. LEBOWITZ we leave a fresh supply of sodium and a can of watei' 
to keep it in (and a new lab to take the place of the missing one). 

To MR. GROSSMAN we leave 100 Long Playing records and an old phono- 
graph to play them on. 

To MR. CtODIN we leave a year's supply of pretzels. 

To MR. TURETSKY we leave a "Slias" and a Math book in one volume. 

To MR. CANTOR we leave a private room for his detective agency. 

To MRS. LEYITON we leave a picture of a window to hang in her office. 

To MISS SHERMAN Ave return the stencils of last term's finals. 

And much to our relief . . . we leave T.A. 

In perjured witness thereof, we hereby affix our signatures (one X for all). 



■Twenty 'Eight- 




Tivcniy-Onc - 




G. O. Council — Fall Term 



DL Q. O. 



During the past year, the G. 0. has taken new strides on its way to becom- 
ing a true student's organization serving the student body's every need. This 
year has seen great successes in every phase of the G. 0. A Club Period has 
been introduced and at present there are ten clubs functioning in the school. 
The Club Period is held every Sunday morning and thus far all the clubs have 
been highly successful. Typical of the manifold activities of the clubs are 
"The Star,"' the G. 0. newspaper, which is pul)lished by the Newspaper Cluli. 
and a play produced by the English Speaking Club. 

Inter-school activities have also taken on new significance as a school 
debating team was set up. It scored two smashing vietories over T. A. Uptown 
and has already challenged several public high scliools. 

In the field of sports, T. A. has also begun to show its merits. Our basket- 
ball team's record has improved immensely. Ping pong and intramural basket- 
ball tournaments have been held and many moi'e are planned foi' the near 
future. 



Thirty- 



Among the otluM' successes lliiil liiyhlifihlcd the ll. O.'s ;i<'tivilics this yc;ir 
was a liighly successful Student Day, in whicli all classes pix'senled a play and 
song. This was preceded by class punchbal) and ping pong tournaments and 
a Lag B'Onier outing at which all the classes competed in track and baseball. 
The winning class was 5th Term which nosed out :5rd and 2nd Terms in a very 
close fight. Our G. 0. also arranged for the entire school to attend a 
Brooklyn Dodger liaseball game on June 7. A new school emblem was chosen 
after a contest was held and new pins were made. An efficient and smoothly 
functioning Service Squad to patrol the school was also formed. Finally, 
the G. 0. appropriated eighty dollars to help T. A. Publications continue its 
fine work. 

All in all, it has been the most successful year in the G. O.'s history and 
the G. 0. can face the future with high hopes and the assurance of a job well 
done. 



G. O. Council — Spring Term 




4 



ridlu 



u 



Arista, the lionor society of the school, continued to function this past year 
and added to its aeliievements. 

T. A. Arista consists of a selected group of students, outstanding in scholar- 
ship, service, and character. Candidates for Arista are interviewed yearly and 
their admission is voted upon by the Student Assembly of Arista and hy the 
Senate, which consists of a group of faculty members. 

The Arista organization has done meritorious service by conducting a 
coaching club for those students needing help with their studies, by disseminat- 
ing infoi'mation concerning the school to vaiious interested parties, by proc- 
toring entrance and final examinations, and finally by exerting a moral influence 
on the rest of the student body to live u]i to the ideals for which our school 
stands. 




■ Thirty-Two — 



^he Settle 



er 

The "Tatler," our ImiuHsIi iiewsjiapei-, is a ri'vulutinnai-y one in tliat it 
is a hj-bi'id newspaper-magazine and of a unique size. Although only eight 
pages long for a starter, the paper includes excellent news coverage as well as 
reviews, columns, editorials and articles of a general interest. Particularly 
interesting is the "Tatler" editorial policy, clearly indicated by the editorials 
dealing with the Palestine problem and the extra-curricular activities. 

This term, the "Tatler" staff consisted of Irving Greenberg, editor-in- 
chief, Martin Kahane, Richard Silverman, and Irwin E. Witty, associate edi- 
tors, and Mi^rray "Wachman, Art editor. 

Unfortunately, the publication of the "Tatler" has been liampcred due to 
the lack of funds. The pu1)lication of further " Tatler "s is up to the student 
Ijody. If it receives the wholehearted support of the student body, the "Tatler" 
will continue to be one of the more important activities of the school. 




■ Thittii-Three — 




^y. -^^r. i-^^ublicat 



lond 



T. A. Publications constitutes the business board of all three student pub- 
lications of T. A. Brooklyn: ■•Kolenu." our Hebrew student organ. -'The 
Tatler. ■' our English tabloid, and the "Elchanite. "" our graduating annual. 
The board consists of two representatives from every class elected to serve for 
a period of one year. The business manager and circulation manager are then 
elected by this representative body for the remainder of the year. 

Diiring the past year ilarvin Bienenfeld and Norman Toporovskj- have 
served as business managers, Irwin "Witty as circulation manager, and Elliot 
Aberbach as secretary. Meetings are held bi-weekly under the guidance of 
Rabbi Faivelson, our faculty adviser, who has been instrumental in molding 
the group into a functioning student organization. 

One of our main difficulties during the past year was the raising of funds. 
In order to induce more -tudents to participate in the procuring of ads, a 
ten per cent commission on all ads and various prizes were offered as an extra 
encouragement and reward. T. A. Publications has held assemblies and spon- 
sored publicity campaigns to make students more T. A. Publications eon- 
scioiTS. These efforts have proven to be cjuite successful. 

T. A. Publications can point with pride to this year's record. It is 
finishing the school year with a balanced budget after having published an 
"Elchanite'' which is larger and better than that of last vear. 



■ Thirty-Four - 




---U!2-.^ 






?? 



enu 

"Kolenu. " the Hcln-ew student org-an of T. A. Brooklyn, is pi'ol)al)ly tlio 
only one of its kind in the world. Its provocative articles, its brilliant style, 
its exhibition of the most modern terminolooy in Hebrew, and its original 
format have received the highest acclaim from Hebrew literary circles. Thus 
far, two issues of "'Kolenu" have appeared under the editorship of Irwin "Witty. 
Rabbi Faivelson, our faculty adviser, has helped us produce issues whicli 
were ti'uly l)eautiful. 

Among the various articles included in the last issue were: ■■The Qiies- 
tion of Languages'' by Edwin Goldstein, dealing with the ]iroblem of Hebrew 
or Jewish as the language to be em])loyed in our Veshivos: "Kducation for 
dirls" by Ir\ing Skupsky ; and a .symposium of two religious iioints of view 
on the establishment of the Jewish State of Israel, by Saniuei Silverstein and 
Irving Greenberg. Some of the other features included '"Chidushei Tcuah"" 
by Wallace Chamedes, Arnold Turin, and Melviu Heller, a crossword puzzle 
by Israel Sturm, a hiunor column b\- ^lorton Sununcr. and short stories by 
Irving Greenberg and .Murray \Vacluiian. 

The Editorial Board during tlie last year consisted of Kdwin Goldstein. 
Irving (ireenberg, Richard Silverman, ilorton Summer, and ;^furray Wachman. 

The forthcoming issue of •■Kolenu" will be publislied in the early pan nf 
next term in order to give students an (i|i])ortunit> to write articles and do 
research over the sumnu'r. 



— Thirty-Five- 






^: 




^. 










^jH 


1 ^^ 


Jti/Bn^^™ "^ 



',^^^A,,, 



1 i* 








1* ' 


MS 







J he cJ^ibi 



ravi 



¥ 



The long and hard work on the parts of Mr. Lilker and Rabbi Faivelson, 
library facultj- advisers, has finally been rewarded. The expanding library 
has definitely taken its place as a center of student interest. 

The library, which consists of English and Hebrew departments, has Ijeer. 
under the supervision of Jiidah Kirshblum, chief librarian. Under a I'otating 
schedule, two librarians are on duty daily and each member of the staff serves 
only a half a term. 

The library has reorganized its reference department this term so as 
to include encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference works. It has 
also arranged for the importation of books from Israel to augment its already 
fine collection of Hebrew books. 

Library books are available for reference and circtilation every day from 
1 .-15 p.m. until 2 :00 p.m., except on Fridays and Sundays, and at other con- 
venient hours. 





^ne fj^ehcitina S^t 



9 



focieii 



¥ 



'I'iio (Ircjiiii ol' yeai's li;;.s at lasl hccoiiie a i-cality. 
T. A.'.; loiiK envisioned debating team has eonie to 
life under the diroetion of Aaron Stavisky and his 
sueeessor, Paul Salkin. After many ])lans which had 
nor.e aslray. a debate l)et\veeii T. A. Brooklyn and 
T. A. Uptown was finally arranged and held. Our 
Ua:ii (•l)nsi^tinK• of iivino- ffreenber"";, JIartin Kahane 
.nul Paul Salkin. resiulars, scored a sma.shing victory 
over- Uptown's team. The topic was "'Resolved: That 
the r. S. send all-<iut niilitaiy aid to Chiang Kai- 
sliek." (Jur ieam took tiie negative and ^von. The 
judges were Dr. Joseph Sarachek and ^Ir. ^lorris 
Turetsky. 

At ]iresent. more intt'i'-schonl debates are being ar- 
ranged. 



Spring Team 





Fall Team 



— Thirty-Nine — 



aSa- ■? 1 T 7 




^he S^chooi C-A 



o^r 



The school choir continued to function this year under the leadership of 
Irwin E. Witty. The group sang for the school once tliis year, at the Chanuka 
affair, but was called upon to perform at other ceremonies. It made a request 
appearance before the Yeshiva University Ladies' Auxiliary and was received 
enthusiasticallj^ 

The group consists of about a dozen boys and sings in two voices, alto 
and bass. Its repertoire consists principally of Hebrew melodies in traditional 
harmonies and of several Jewish numbers. Soloists are Martin Kahane and 
Samuel Dershowitz, Avho is also assistant leader. 

Although the choir has had many handicaps to overcome, it has achieved 
a certain degree of success. It plans to inci-ease its activities in the future by 
performing more often at such school functions as assemblies, parties, and 
graduations. 



-Forty- 




ATHLETICS 

On aiareh 21, T. A. of Brooklyn completed its basketball season by defeat- 
ing an inferior Ramaz team in a thrilling upset. "Weakened by the lack of a 
gym, the team stn;ggled througli the season attaining a fine record of victories. 
Following are some of the highlights of the basketball season. 

Opening the season, T. A. trounced M. T. J. to the approval of a throng 
of students. Setting a precedent, T. A. of Brooklyn ventured out of the 
Yeshiva League to play Thomas Jefferson's Junior Yarsity. After putting up 
a gallant fight, T. A. succumbed to the superior Jeft'erson team. T. A. then 
proceeded to play Lubavicher Yeshiva, R. J. J., Ramaz, T. A. Uptown, M. T. J. 
for a second time, and finally R. J. J. for a second time. Avenging au earlier 
setback, Ramaz beat T. A. in the last game of tlie season. 

The prospects for next year are In'ight. Losing only Irv Foi-man and 
Marv Blush, due to graduation. Coach Hal Jctter M-ill have almost his complete 
squad back again. 

With the close of tlie Ijaskotltall season, diilVrenl sjiorls were practiced at 
T. A. A thrilling ping pong tournament was won Ity Ram Dei-showitz. who 
came out first in a field of 104. 

Since the purchase of boxing gloves by the administration, our spacious 
play-room has been the scene of many a bout. During physical iVlucation, Mr. 
Julius Jacobs, our health-cd instrnelor. gives aid and pointers in tlie manly 
art of self-defense. 



■ Forty-One — 




- Foriy-Tu-o — 




■ Furl ii-'t'hree - 



FifiiJi)iij"r£ 



-.attach at cJ~)i 



aivn 

Standing there under the shadow of the grey walls of the Old City that 
morning brought back memories of a visit which I had paid to the sacred city 
in 193b. Only then I had come to the city under the veil of darkness. It was at 
the height of the Arab riots, and for a Jew to roam the streets of the Old City 
in dayliglit meant sure death. My student's visa had almost expired. But I 
had to see the Old City. And so I had gone in for a night. 

How different was it now as I stood outside the walls among the Haport- 
zim, th-it crack Palmach unit massed to breach the walls and rescue the be- 
leaguered inhabitants of Jerusalem. For two thousand years the Old City 
had echoed and re-echoed to the clang of invader's steel. For twenty- 
four centuries, foreigners had trampled the streets of Jerusalem. For 
all that tim^ not a Jewish army had raised its banner in defense; 
not a brigade or company had defended its ancient Jewish Ijirthright. Yet 
here I was, standing upon the threshold of new days in the Old City's history, 
for a Jewish army was about to smash its gates, breach its walls, and liberate 
its Jewish inhabitants. The sun was rising from the east. The pale crescent 
moon faded in the morning sun and the Arab hold on the Old City was quickly 
ebbing. The commander of Haportzim spoke to his men: "Chaverim, this is 
a day for which we have been waiting. I cannot urge you to do anything, but 
let each and everyone remember that we are the first Jewish invaders the Holy 
City has seen in 2400 years. Act accordingly!" 

It v>'as a simple message. No heroics. No blood and thunder. Just a 
reminder. Just a reckoning long past due which was to be settled. 

At 5 :00 a.m. the heavy guns of the Palmach spoke. Opening their yawning 
mouths, they roared the message of a long self-contained people and cried out, 
"Kanaim, we have returned!" The battle for the Old City was on. 

The Aralj Legion was not long in answering. From the rooftops near the 
walls, from every cranny and nook in the walls, the fire was returned. The 
duel went on for twenty-seven minutes. Then abruptly came the silence. It 
was a silence more ominous than the previous noise. Did it spell the 
defeat of the attempt"? Was the attempted break dying already'? I glanced 
worriedly at my watcli. For over three-quarters of an hour the silence reigned 
over the Old City. Then the officer of Haportzim spoke again. "Strike for the 
gates. Our objectives are the Jaffa and Zion gates. The people of the city are 
waiting near the gates for you. To the attack, Haportzim!" 

Suddenly, the line surged forward. Like an angry torrent it leaped toward 
the gates. Like a huge carnivore of old, it opened its mouth to swallow its prey. 
The Legion guns opened again. The Palmach artillery reopened its barrage. 
The Haportzim reached the gates and formed two parallel lines with a path in 



■ Forty-Foui 



between for the Old City inhabitants to llec through. Tlie firing was becoming 
more fuiious, but the liaport/.im did not give ground. The second wave went 
into action. It swept over tlic adxaneed Arab positions and went further. For 
an hour tlie evacuation conlinued. Then the officer gave the signal, "llaport- 
zini, withdraw!" 

Under the cover of the Palniach artillery, the llapurtziiu witlidrew. The 
artillery kept up the fire until the Haportzim were back to the artillery posi- 
tions. First the guns and then the men withdrew. The first Jewish army to 
invade Jerusalem in over two thousand years had accomplished its mission with 
a minimum of loss of life. The avenging Jewish army had bested the hated 

invader. Bar Kochba, they had returned! 

Irving Greenberg 



^ne csLaiv 

Btj WILLIAM WANDERER 

My help, my hope, my strength sludl be, 
Thou perfect Law of G-d, in thee ! 

My faith shall be my rock of might, 

Its Law my portion and my right, 

Its testimonies my delight, 

And day by day, my voice I raise 

In song and hymn to chant their praise. 

How did the angels then lament 
When from their midst, by G-d's intent. 
The holy Law to earth Avas sent. 
"Woe that the pure and sanctified 
Should now^ on sinful lips abide." 

The people treml)led when they saw 
Approaching them toe heavenly Law — 
Their voices rose in joy and awe : 
"Thy covenant, Lord, fulfil: 
Declare it, we will do thy will." 

Hear tliou then Thy people's prayer, (> King. 
AVlien like the heavenly host they sing 
'Phrice. — Holy, Holy, Holy — uttering 
Sweet hymns and songs of pleasantness 
With joy and awe Thy name to bless. 



1949 



— Forty-Five — 



csLund 

By MARTIN KAHANE 

Land of a promise, land of Gilead, 

Land oft conquered, land oft seized, 

Land now again held bj' another, 

Land, raped by Edom, 

Land mocked by Rome, 

We survived all of these — so too this other. 

Land of martyrs, land of pride, land great and full of joy. 

Land, for you we dare. 

The will is there. 

The enemy, we'll crush and destroy. 

Land of present, land of past, land of future consecration. 

Land, though we die. 

Land still we'll crj-, 

'Tis good to die for our great nation. 

Land, how they shame j'ou, land how they blame you, 

Land you are not mine, they claim, 

Land, if thou'rt not. 

Let my right hand be forgot. 

And forever accursed be their name. 

There's a land of glory, a laud soaked with blood, 

A land ripped away from my mother's breast. 

And land till we've kneeled, 

On your sacred fields, 

Until that day, we swear we'll not rest. 

Land of tempest, land of storm, land of bitter tragedy, 

Land, we'll take thee, 

Land, we'll make thee, 

holy land of fathers three. 

Land of prayers, land of tears, land cr^dng out in fear. 

Land, we heed thee. 

Land we need thee. 

Land, we march, we strike, we hear. 

Land chosen for rvde, land chosen for pain, 

Land, when may I call you mine again? 

land, the road is long. 

And the enemy strong. 

But still we'll conquer this son of Cain. 



£ifi}l})fllT£ 



— Forty-Six — 



1949 

L^naint f Iciclitncin 0->icttih 



Bij MYIWX LEliXKR 

Chaiin Xaehiuaii Bialik is unquestionably the greatest Hebrew poet of mod- 
ern Hebrew literature. 

He was born in the hamlet of Radi, in Volhynia, Russia, of poor Has- 
sidic parents. Wlien Bialik was six, his father died. In order to alleviate the 
financial burden of the family, the young orphan was sent to an uncle. While 
there, he was influenced by a learned srandfathor wlio sent him to the famous 
Volozhin Yeshiva. 

In his poem "The Masmid, " one of his many autobiographical sketches, 
Bialik gives us an insight into his younger years as a Yeshiva student. He pic- 
tures himself as "a type of perpetual scholar, deaf to all the whispers and 
temptations of nature and the lure of his own young blood. 'The Masmid' 
was considered a specimen partly of comic and partly of tragicomic human 
degeneration by the apostles of culture, to whom pure intellect, asceticism, 
and self-sacrifice for more learning had become unity in the highest degree." 
Bialik regards the Beth Hamidrash (House of Study) as a "holj- prison," the 
pure source of Jewish emotion and desire. In that house of learning the Masmid 
spends many years — years that know no life nor sunlight, years of a youth 
growing into manhood, years of struggle to overcome obstacles, years of hun- 
ger, sleeplessness, wasting flesh and falling cheeks, years alone ^rith his three 
friends — his stand, his candle and his Talmud — devoting himself to the study 
of the Law. 

This was the blessed life of the "Masmid" as described and experienced 
by Bialik. His ability to construct a lifelike picture before the reader and to 
depict tlie hardships and dilficulties he had to overcome are revealed in this 
poem. 

However, "The JMasmid" was not Bialik 's only poem. In fact, he has 
written hundreds of other poems, essays, and stories in Hebrew as well as in 
Yiddish. His first known poem was "El Hatzippoj'. " an imaginary conver- 
sation between the poet and a bird returning from Palestine, in which Bialik 
gives vent to his deep feelings of grief over the suffering of his l)rcthren in 
exile. Tliis poem already bore the specifically nationalistic character which 
led to the poet's being crowned as the national poet of his people. 



The poet was seized with '•divine frenzy" \\iieu he composed his angri 
pogrom poem.s, "The Songs of AVralh." which at once established his suprem 
acy as the poetic representative of his natidu. Tlie iiciein '■Beir Ilaharigah" 



■Forty Seven — 



FifiiJi)j]jr£ 



("In the Citj^ of Slaughter''), written in 1903, is a graphic picture of the 
atrocities committed during the KishencA' pogrom. Here he lashes in Ijitter 
and angry tones, not only at the instigators of the pogrom, but at the passive 
tolerator, whom he considered more guilty than the perpetrator of the crime. 

He became one of the purest, most exjire-ssive Ij-ric poets of modern 
Hebrew literature. He resuscitated the almost defunct Hebrew language and 
gave it elasticitj' and originality, showing that it is capable of expressing all 
the effects of light, sound, and color. 

Before long, he achieved fame as the greatest Hebrew poet of his da>-. 
He became the poet laureate of the Jewish renaissance, its most Ijeloved name 
and popular figure. He was accorded the highest recognition of any Hebrew 
or Yiddish writer, the central personality in literature — equally respected by 
all factions of Jewry. 

The struggles over Bolshevism which almost cost him his life did not 
prevent him from protesting against the persecvition of his people. With heroic 
self-sacrifice, he championed the cause of the Hebrew language and its culture. 
He protested, he complained, and his voice was that of an entire people whose 
culture was being trampled upon. Bialik was allowed to leave the country 
in 1921, whence he ti-avelled to Berlin and Hamburg, establishing publishing 
houses in both cities. He finally arrived in Palestine in 1924, where he .spent 
the remainder of his life. 

There he turned to translating and completed several Hebrew versions of 
illustrious foreign works. Shakespeare's "Jiilius Caesar," Cervantes' "Don 
Quixote," Schiller's "William Tell" and Heine's poems were sonie of the 
works he rendered into Hebre^v. 

In his later daj', Bialik was active as a leader of the Zionist movement 
and was a member of the governing board of the Hebrew University in Jerusa- 
lem. 

Chaim Nachman Bialik was unquestionably one of the most recognized 
Jewish figures of his generation. No poet in Israel has been accorded such 
universal recognition, esteem, and aifection. The great poet's career came to 
an end on July 4, 1934. Throughout the world, he was mourned by all classes as 
the resurreetoi' of the Hel:irew language and culture. 

This date of July 4, 1934 is cei'tainly a memorable one in my life for on 
that day I was born and named Bialik Myron I.erner. 



— Forty-Eiglit- 



^J4e lA/ad ^Jifj-efen t 

hy samup:l feder 



Narratok : 'I'liis is .Mjiiiilowii — .Mainlnwii, KnnsMs. .M;iiiitij\vii is jiisl a small 
town witli sinali town villagers and small tnwn ways. Like every j^i-eat 
city and small lowii, it has its war dead, the heroes of Bataaii. i Guadalcanal. 
Anzio, Normandy, and Two .Tima. 

Today, Maintown is a proud town. Wcv citizens are proud, for today the 
people are dedicating a playground to I'orjjoral Joe (ireenl)erg. a Congres- 
sional Medal of Honor man. A few facts are in order before we open this 
story. Joe was Jewish. He was born in ID'Jl of foreign j^arents. He dieil 
at Iwo Jima in 194."). This is the story of a sinqile small town boy trying 
to make good. As we open our story. Mayor Cole is in the act of dedicating 
a playground to the memory of Joe Grecnberg. 

Mayor: . . . Therefore, we who are gathered here today are dedicating this 
memorial to one of oni' own boys. Corporal Joe flreenberg. He was well- 
known to all of ns. He grew up among us. You could always have found 
him wdth the gang at the corner candy store or at a connnunity gathering. 
His childhood was that of any young boy of ^laintnwn. He was born . . . 
{Voice fades.) 

Mrs. Greenberg : He was my boy. He was a good boy. He would be happy to 
hear them say that he was one of them. Joey never liked to be different. 
(Her voice fades.) 

Mrs. Greenberg : Why, Joey, T thought you were jdaying football with the 
boys? 

Joe : They don't want to ]ilay with me. 

Mrs. Greenberg: "Why, what's the nuitter? 

JoE: You see. Ma, it's like this. All the fellows have fcmtball helmets and 
things for Christmas presents and I had to tell them that 1 didn't have 
any Christmas. Then one of the fellows said that 1 was different and that 
I couldn't ])Iay with tliem anymore. 

Mrs. Greenberg: Naturally. I hmight him the e(|uipmeni, Imi he never forgot 
that he was difl'erent . . . (Voice, fades out.) 

IMayoi! : Yes sir, he was one of ns. We all hold dear memcii'ie> nf him deeji in 
our hearts . . . (Voice fades.) 

Joan : That's my father talking then'. You .just heanl what he said. Yes. 
I should feel proud of him. Yet there is something T can't forget. It 
happened one day after school. {Voice fades.) 



1 949 



■ Forty-Nine — 



Mayor : Why so late, Joan ? 

JoAN: I stopped to talk to Joey 'Greenberg on the corner. You know him. He's 
the captain of our high school football team. 

Mayor: How many times did I tell you that I didn't want you to talk to 
him"? I'll have no daughter of mine talking to a Jew in the street. Har- 
rumph, especially when I intend to run for re-election next fall. {Voice 
fades.) 

Mayor : "We all remember him as the captain of our football team and how he 
led his team to victory. It was when Joey was nineteen that the Japanese 
attacked Pearl Harbor. He enlisted in the marines two weeks later. He 
made a fine record there and we were all proud of him. It was our privi- 
lege that he came from our to^\^^. But then he Avas killed at Iwo Jima. 
Part of his citation reads, "On the fourth day of fighting. Corporal 
Greenberg and his men were sent ahead to cover an officer who was trjdng 
to take medical supplies to some wounded soldiers in no-man's land." 
(Voice fad-es.) 

Mulligan: Yes sir, that's what the citation said. I remember how he was 
"sent" out. {Voice fades.) 

Mulligan : You guys all know that the captain is stranded out there. I want 
some volunteers to cover him. 

JoE: I volunteer. Sergeant Mulligan. 

Voice : 1 11 go with Corporal Greenberg. 

Mulligan: Come here, Greenberg. Listen, you know you don't have to go out 
there. I know you have some screwy ideas about being different. Out 
here, we're all the same. Nobody's any better than you. 

Joe: I don't know Avhat you're talking about. 

Mxn>LiGAN: O.K., O.K. Go ahead, Greenberg. {Voice fades.) 

^Li.Y0R : Yes, ladies and gentlemen, today is a great day in the history of 
Maintown. We all feel a terrible sickness in our hearts when we think of 
Joey out there, a lonely grave in the Pacific marked only by a white Star 
of David. It is, therefore, onlj' fitting and proper that we dedicate this 
playground as a memorial to Corporal Joe Greenberg. 

Every man who served in the armed forces of our country is a hero and 
everj- man who received the Congressional IMedal of Honor is a special 
hei-o. But Joey was different. He belonged to us. Yes, Joey was different. 
He was one of us. 



£IfilJ}lJ]jr£ 



■ Fifty — 



194 V 



VUlial h 2)eatli ? 

By MORTON SUiLAIER 

""What is death?" I asked m.yself, walking down the street, 

and the echo answered, "Yes, what is death?" 
Down tlie block, I saw a crowd gathering around a 

store window; I walked over and saw a man lying 
on the ground, lying on the ground cold to the 

world, still clad in his work apron. The woman near 
him, standing upright, started to scream, and the 

scream was a horrible, terrifying, heartbreaking 
sound, and the ambulance siren in the background 

throbbed; this is, this is, this is death. 

"What is death?" I asked myself, farther down the street. 
A little old lady was crossing the street, with two bottles 
of milk and a loaf of bread, the staff of life, when all of 
a sudden a car came careening around the corner, and in a 
moment the little lady was lying in the gutter, her head 
twisted in a grotesque juanner, the milk spilt all over. 

the bread still clutched in her hand, and as the 
crowd gathered, the police siren wailed in the 
background; this is, this is, this is death. 

"What is death?" I asked myself, as rain-clouds gathered 

overhead. When the storm broke. 1 ran up on a porch and 
asked the old man sitting there. "May 1 stay.'" And he 

replied, "Yes, my son, you may." While the tiuuider 
crashed and the lightning tlai-ed, I asked him. "Are you 

afraid of death?" and he said, "-No. my son. for what is 
death but a never-ending sleep — a never eiuling sleep 

for the body, while the soul I'ises dii hii,'h." And 
the rain droijs falling echoed; that is. tli;\t i-;. thai iN death. 



• Fifty-One — 



pifiiji)i]j"r£ 



C^ari ^andvura: esLaureate oj- ^ndustnal -America 

bij RICHARD SILVERMAN 

The recent opening of the Lincoln letters brings to mind an author who 
spent j-ears in interpreting the greatness of the civil war president. His name 
is Carl Sandbnrg. 

Among our modern authors who have written both prose and poetry, Carl 
Sandburg occupies a prominent position. Though he has won great acclaim for 
his biography of Lincoln, to mj- mind, Sandburg has a more powerful and more 
human facet as poet and interpreter of the industrial life of America.Sandburg's 
poetry, a poetry of free ver.se written in the plain speech of the American 
people, was strikingly new because it was a poetry that contained the singing 
of the American idiom. It was a poetry that sounded the voice of the man on 
the street by employing expressive words and phrases like galoots, jazz- 
man, fourflusher, jazz the classics, bring home the bacon, and you said a mouth- 
ful. Of course, the language is at times crude and raucous but, as Sandburg 
says, he wanted "something in the American lingo . . . Unless we keep on the 
lookout, we write book language and employ the verbiage of dead men instead 
of using the speech of people alive today, "i Thus, through his selective vocabu- 
lary, Sandburg presents a kaleidoscopic parade of vividly presented pictures. 

Sandburg, having gained his education, as Ijouis Untermeyer says, in the 
"University of Hard Labor, "2 is the poet of the lowly born. He is a member 
of the proletariat and one of its defenders. Sandburg's is a life devoted to the 
protection of labor, a life dedicated to the advancement of social democracy. 
A great part of Sandburg's pages is devoted to the worker 'and indeed these 
are his best pages. Sandburg truly depicts people in such lines as, ' ' How many 
cents for the sleepy eyes and fingers ? " He wants us to know of the stockyard 
"hunky" sweeping blood off the floor, getting "a dollar seventy -five cents a 
day when he works." He must tell us of little Mamie from Indiana who 
' ' dreamed of romance and big things oi¥ somewhere the way the railroad trains 
run" and now has a $6 a week job in a Chicago department store. Sandburg is 
the "defeated artist . . . crying out against these wrecks, these misshapen hulks 
of houses ; huge ugly buildings that he has to pass day by day, the output of a 
purely utilitarian age that has no beauty, no joy in it . . . buildings so hope- 
less that you have to see them only at dusk or by moonlight to get any poetry 
out of them."* 

Sandburg's first poetic work appeared in 1914 imder the title of "Chicago 
Poems." In it is perhaps his best known poem, "Chicago," with which he came 
into his own. "Chicago" is representative of Sandburg's style and philosophy. 
He addresses the city thus: 

Player with Railroads and the Nation's Freight Handler; 

Hog Butcher for the World, 

Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat 

Stormy, husky, brawling 

City of the Big Shoulders. 

(1) Rica Brenner, "Ten Modern Poets," Harcourt, Brace & Co. 

(2) Louis Unternie}'er, "Yesterday and Today," Harcourt, Brace & Co. 

(3) Harry Hansen, "Midwest Portraits" 



— FiftyTivo — 



Tic goes on to (Icsoribc the iiiiplcasiuitiioss niid brutality of the city, r-rilici/.cs 
vitupci'atively Ihu coarse life oi: Chicago, and concludes: 

"Laughing the stormy, husky, brawling laughter of youth; half-naked, 
sweating, proud to be a llog-bulcher. Tool-maker, Stacker of Wheat, Player 
with Railroads, and Freight-handler to the Nation." 

Sandburg's Ijrutality is an essential characteristic of his poetry only when 
the sub.ieet dealt with is brutal. Sandburg can be delicate, as in the poem en- 
titled "Fog." 

The fog comes 
on little cat feet. 
It sits looking 
over harbor and city 
on silent haunches 
and then, moves on. 
Sandburg uses harsh colors and raw dissonances when his theme is a ^^llgar 
dance hall or a battlefield, it would never occur to him to paint the howling en- 
ergy of a steel mill in delicate pastels. 

Two years later, Sandburg brought forth his second work entitled "Corn- 
Imskers. " These poems take us to the Illinois country where the poet was born 
and describe the laborers and hoboes, and women and children he became ac- 
quainted with while earning a living. 

Soon after, in 1920, Sandburg came forth with -'Smoke and Steel" wliich 
is perhaps his finest work, for in it he has reached human and artistic maturity. 
In "Smoke and Steel," Sandburg brings us into the shops and factories of 
America and presents the sweating men of the factory, the huge mills molding 
steel for American Industry — the vitality of American industrial life. Sand- 
burg's philosophy mellows; his themes become more significant; his artistry 
shows more restraint. 

Sandburg's next volume, "Slabs of the Sunburnt West," is inferior to 
his first three works. The greater part of the work is sketchy and weary and 
the slang is overdrawn. But one poem, "Aird So To-Day," deserves mention. 
A poem inspired by the burial of the UnknoA\m Soldier, it is an attack against 
the leaders of our nation. He says: 
The honorable orators. 
Always the honorable orators. 
Buttoning the buttons over their prince alberts. 
Pronouncing the syllables 'sac-ri-fice' 
Juggling those bitter salt-soaked s.vllables — 
Do they ever gag with hot ashes in their mouths? 
The poem continues to discuss the i)rineiples for which the Unknown Soldier 
gave his life and which remain unrealized. The poet portrays the procession 
kown Pennsylvania Avenue as "men and boys riding horses, roses in their 
teeth" and as "skeleton men and lioys riding skeleton Iku'scs." He visualizes 
the nation panegyrizing the dead hero and sketches the uncomprehending 
crowd of onlookers. Answering the orator, the cynical iiewsreol man sa.vs, 
"Feed it to "em, they lap it up . . . Imll . . . bull." The scnr-faccl ball player 
says. "It's all safe now, safe for the yes-men." The irony of tlic poem is seen 
in the last stanza. 



1949 



. Fifty-Three - 



And so to-day — they lay him away — 

The boy nobody knows the name of — 

They lay him away in granite and steel — 

"With music and roses — under a flag — 

Under a sky of promises. 
His later poetic work.i, "Eootabaga Stories," '"Kootabaga Pigeons."' ""The 
American Songbag, "' '"The People. Yes," etc. are characteristic Sandbui'g 
material. Some treat different themes and others present new ideas, but they 
are all alike in that they embrace the American idiom. Sandburg stands as the 
liberator of American poetry from classical forms and as the exponent of the 
iise of the American idiom by the American writer. 

Travelling through Sandburg's domain, we see gigantic visions of the mas- 
sive city. We hear the whistle of the policeman and the soimding of the auto- 
mobile horn, sounds peculiar to the city. TVe see America at work — huge crowds 
of rugged men and women, bent and twisted to form the gargoyles of American 
city life. In effect, we see Carl Sandburg as tlie laureate of industrial America. J 



i 



KJteen L^neede and tlie /r/i 

By AEXOLD TURIN 



oon 



"We are lost souls in a lost world, 

Naught but ions and ions of space and time 

Sprinkled with broken bits of a lost universe. 

So rush on, crush on, 

Oh grab on, crab on. 

Do think on, blink on. 

To clink on, drink on. 

"Why, laugh on, chaff on, 

Aye cry on, die on; 

Futility thy name is human ! 

So, slaughter on, court her on; 

Oh blast on, fast on; J 

Do pray on, slay on, " 

To defy on, July on. 

"Why, rely on, pry on ; 

Aye dance on. chance on, 

Into meaningless oblivion ! 

And why call stop, why call stop 
To aimless, meaningless wraiths 
In trackless, placeless void '/ 



£ifi})})j]j"r£ 



— Fifty-Four - 



1949 



liil IRWIN WITTY 

At tweuty-uine, Yaak Koiiiaao was the youngest singer ever to be signed 
for the tenor voice group of the iletropolitan Opera Company. Twelve years 
ago, "Reedy" had discovered him singing in New >'(irk and Ml'lcr only one 
year's coaching bj' Angelo, Yaak was accepted. 

"Reedy" was jNIalcolm Reid, manager and talent discoverer extraoi-dinary. 
He was a short, pot-bellied little fellow with a brogue as thick as a Bumstead 
special. He could always be found boasting about "his l)oy"' in the thick of 
the mist curling from his cigar. Yaak had "Reedy" to thank for his po.sition 
today, and he entrusted him with arranging his concert programs. 

When "Reedy" first discovered Yaak's talent. Yaak was substituting for 
liis father, Cantor Romanovsk>', at an ordinary synagogue function. Yaakov 
Ronianovsky had a voice. Everybody said so. Even Reb Berel Chosid, the 
synagogue's greatest authority, said, "We'll see 'nachas' from him yet!" 

Yaakov, at the time, was a student of the Yeshiva on the East Side, and he 
was one of the more brilliant fellows in Reb Yitzchak Isaac's class. People 
had high hopes for him to become a rabbi. But Yaakov en.ioyed singing more. 
He was a natural cantor and when "Reedy" gave him his clianee — and he was 
only seventeen, mind you — he grabbed it. But throughout his career, the thought 
of Reb Yitzchak Isaac kept obsessing him. 

The plane motor droned on monotonoiisly. He tried reading a newspaper. 
He tried smoking. "Reedy" watched him carefully. Yaak was worried about 
something. He had performed before and he had never so much as batted an 
eye. Once in Hollywood, he performed Avith Lauritb ilelchior, Laurence Tibbett, 
and Robert ^lerrill in the audience. He walked out and had them dumbfounded. 
They applauded until the house rocked. And now, he was nervous. 

He was returning from Vancouver to New York after a successful tour 
of Canada to open the season at Carnegie Hall upon the invitation of the 
Music Critics' Association. In its announeenient of its choice, he had been 
called the greatest living tenor. He had a melodious lyric style, and everything 
he sang had nothing artificial about it. He had the top tones in his back pocket. 

As he descended the plane steps and entered the waiting cab. he glanced 
nervously at his watch on his shaking hand. It was 6:18. It would take an 
hour to get to (lie hotel room, wasli. dress, and grab a snack. }\{^ would make 
it all right. 

In the hotel room, Yaak glanced over the prograni and the score for the 
night. Selections from Verdi, "Wagner, Saint-Saens, Gershwin, and Porter 
were on the program. But his first numlier was to be a new piece in honor of 
Israel. It was a comiiosition called "Kol Xidrei." It was compo.sed liy 
Rossolini of La Seala fame who was touring the United States and who would 



— Fifty-Five — 



FlfilJi]J]JT£ 



be there to liear him perform it. Yaak knew it perfectly. Rossolini had even 
coached him, but lie was not exactly calm about it. 

His mother had written him that she and his father would be there to 
hear him perform, but so woiild Rob Yitzchak Isaac who had always said : 

"Let the man who wishes to have the fear of G-d removed from him go 
without a hat." 

That was what he was recalling to himself then as he heard "Reedy'" 
calling to him : 

"Come on, kid! it's 7:45 already. We'd better be going. I called a cab 
already. ' ' 

After they arrived at the hall and were ushered into their dressing room, 
Yaak put on his dress suit. As "Reedy" helped him on with his jacket, he 
asked : 

"Yaak, what's this undertaker's cap you've got in your suit pocket. Should 
I throw it away?" 

"No," he said. "I'm going to need it tonight." 

Just before he was to go out, he looked through the curtains. Tliere they 
were. His mother, now much older, was sitting and waiting anxiously. Her 
hair had become grayer since the last time he had seen her. She read the pro- 
gram and glanced nervously toward the door and then back to the stage and 
back again to her husband and Reb Yitzchak Isaac. His father, now weak from 
a heart attack he suffered the previous year, was sitting with his hat on, mopping 
his brow and smiling at something Reb Yitzchak Isaac was saying. Reb Yitz- 
chak 's beard was as white and long as ever, and his dark piercing eyes were 
still hidden beneath his long lashes. Then the overture began. 

Yaak looked at the hands of the large clock at the rear of the huge hall. 
It was almost 9 :30. By this time there was an overflow crowd, with standing 
room only. Yaak was still thinking of Reb Yitzchak Isaac's thoughts. He re- 
called how long ago, the other students would push each other to get a seat 
up front to be able to hear Relj Yitzchak Isaac. Every second day or so, he 
would take time out to rebuke his students for not wearing "tzizis" and for 
not wearing a hat. A bare head was the worst thing imaginable. 

Then he looked up at the box seats. Rossolini was smoking quietly and 
peacefully, waiting for the program to get under way. "What would he know 
about a bare head? To him the composition meant royalties and fame. Oh! 
It was a fine Jewish liturgical composition, a traditional ]irayer — even a popu- 
lar classic. 

Many who heard him that night didn 't even know he was Jewish. But as he 
walked out on stage to the cheering of the crowd aiid bowed in response, he 
put his hand into his pocket and put on his skull cap. Maestro Pellicini took 
up the baton and the introduction began. Rossolini was waiting for Yaak 
when he finished. As he bowed with his hat still on. his rabbi did the same 
thing Yaak did. He took out a handkerchief also, Irat not to wipe his brow. 



- Fifty-Six — 



Ulie aljiteninia ol- S^ouiet Aewrt^ 

By ALKX HOFFER 

According to the census taken in liJoiJ, o,(J20,00(J Kussians declaied lliciii- 
selves of Jewish nationality. According to the analysis of Jacob Lestchinsky, 
a Jewish economist, "the total number of Jews witliin jircsont Soviet !)Ound- 
aries does not exceed 1,500,000. "' Tlie estimate of the icsearch department of 
the American Joint Distribution ('ommittee is 1,800,000. 

One fact, however, remains undisputed. Organized Russian Jewish life is 
deteriorating deplorabh-. 

The 1936 Soviet Constitution states: "In order to insure to all citizens 
freedom of conscience, the churcli in the U.S.S.R. is separated from the state 
and the school from the church. Freedom of religious worship and freedom 
of anti-religious propaganda arc recognized for all citizens." Neverthele.ss. 
once this freedom was granted to the people, there was an appalling turn 
toward irreligion on the part of the youth, gentile as well as Jewish. The 
older folk, as usual, clung tenaciously to religion, but because of the rigid 
censorship of education and the ban on public observance, there need be little 
wonder at the condition of Judaism there. During the war, however, there was 
a slight increase in religious interest because of the decline of a nti -religious 
propaganda. This, in turn, was due to war and political considerations. 

From infrequent notices in the press, we conclude that a numljer of syna- 
gogues do exist. Rabbis and slaughterers perform their functions and unleav- 
ened bread is still being baked for the Passover season, but with much trouble. 
Nevertheless, witnesses report that it is not quite so easy to conform to the 
requirements of the Jewish faith, for religious ceremonial ob.iects, scrolls of 
the Law, prayerbooks, and phylacteries are all hard to find. The fact that no 
Jewish calendars are published in Russia makes it difficult to observe the Holy 
Days on the proper dates. It is still forbidden to import these ob.jects. 

Since the advent of the war, the cultural institutions have decaye.l. Publi- 
jation of Hebrew journals and all activities in Hebiew are strictly forbidden. 
Onlv a short time ago, one Yiddish newspaper was published in Moscow three 
times a week by the Jewish Anti-Fascist Comnnttec. E. Aucrhach. m the Jewish 
"Morning Journal,"' suggests that the ••Einigkoil." the newspaper m question, 
attempted to maintain a bit of contact and unity with the rest of world Jewry. 
Therefore, it too was suspended. Now. in all of the vast Soviet territory, there 
is not one journal dedicated to Jewish topics. 

No Jewish religious in.st ruction exists in the Soviet Union, iloreover, some 
people have already been severely punished for having taught their children 
the precepts of Judaism or tor having proinul-a'cd the essentials of Zionism. 

i"The New Leader," May 8, 1947 



194 V 



— Fifty-Seven — 



As yet. in Eiissia. the government has not seen fit to maintain even the Yiddish- 
ist type of scliool in which Zionism and Hebrew are forbidden. 

The So'^'iet government lias souglit to solve the problem of Jewish nation- 
alism by establishing Birobidzhan, an autonomous region for Jewish settlement. 
For those only wanting to escape from persecution. Joseph Stalin can point 
with pride also to the Constitution which provides that anti-Semitism is forever 
eradicated. That communism has properly dealt with the Jewish question is an 
incorrect supposition, as will be shown below. 

Birobidzhan was instituted as a Jewish autonomy to attempt to solve the 
problem of Jewish nationalism by deflecting the growing interest in Zionism, 
^leuahem Boraisha points out that this failed for two reasons. The Jews ■who 
were not interested in the preservation of Jewish nationalism did not bother 
to settle there because they assimilated where they were and those who eared 
for traditional Judaism ""saw in the Soviet Jewish territory nothing but a 
mockery of Jewish aspirations. "' 

Anti-Semitism "still flourishes in the country once identified with pog- 
roms.'"^ Jews who returned after the war are still demanding the return of 
their confiscated property. Jewish professors and teachers who were forced io 
leave their positions are no longer admitted to the universities. In the army, 
Jews are denied admission into the higher ranks, although in some cases they 
merit elevation. In the press, Jemsh writei-s and intellectuals are constantly 
being attacked. Because it is feared that connections might be established with 
Jews outside of Soviet borders, there are few Jews in the diplomatic corps. 

Because of the great catastrophe which befell world Jewry in recent 
years, certain signs of Jewish national consciousness have become manifest. 
Unfoiiunatey, nothing can be done to encourage this trend because no separate 
Jewish political, social, cultural, or relief organizations are allowed to exist 
in the Soviet Union. Zionism has been outlawed for some thirty years and 
countless Zionist leaders have been arrested and imprisoned simply because 
they belonged to ' illegal" " organizations. The Kussian government is not only 
a political and economic dictatorship, but it also co-ordinates cultural institu- 
tions. No personal opinions are tolerated for conformity is the required vogue. 
Judaism renders its adherents ■"different" and sets them apart. Therein lies 
the basic conflict between the latter and communism. 

Many disillusioned Russian Jews have concluded that communism has not 
solved the Jewish problem, but indeed has only intensified it. They have 
been forced to the realization that the answer depends not upon the bounty of 
Russian communism and that the solution to the two thousand year old prob- 
lem of Jewish degradation and homelessness can only be in a Jewish state, rtn- 
der Jewish auspices. However, Soviet authorities refuse to permit Jews to 
emigrate to their ancient birthright. Here we have the dilemma of So\iet Jewry. 



-■'Congress "Weekly," American Jewish Congress, Feb. 21, 1949 
3- -New York Post" Editorial. May 3, 1949 



£IfillUJ]l7£ 



— Fifty-Eight- 



1V4V 



_/ne Auda 



tame n I 

Jill MAIM'IX KAIIAXK 

The city slept a troubled sleep. The wanu night seemed taut with appre- 
hension. It seemed as if the streets and buildings were nervously waiting. And 
then it came. AVith a thiuiderous roar, the towering Administration Head- 
quarters seemed to leap forth from its foundations, and with an eerie flash of 
light, it burst into a blazing inferno. 

Availing sirens split the air with ear-shattering effect. From out of tlie 
darkness, armed soldiers leaped fortii (luiekly in pursuit of two shadows that 
fled down the narrow valley. 

As Josef Hein raced through the inky blackness, the bluod ijuumlid 
through his head and his dark faee felt hot and unnatural. His thoughts raced 
through his throbbing, weary brain. It's done! Thank G-d, it's done! Oh! . . . 

The sharp salvo of rifle shots echoed in the narrow passageway. Jcsef felt 

two thuds ripping through his back. The black concrete came rushing up to 

meet him, spinning crazily, closer and closer, and then — blackness. 

« « * * 

From far off in the distance, tlie music came ; it grew louder and louder, 
until it seemed as if an enormous chorus was lifting its voice to the heavens. 
A glowing, radiant light seemed to arise from all about him. There was some- 
thing intangible about it, as if e\'erything material had been swept from him, 
and only his soul lay bare hetoiv him. Suddenly, from out of the misty white 
clouds, tens i;pon tens of similar apparitions, each sliedding that radiant light, 
seemed to emerge. The lines marched .slowly and majestically towards seven 
tremendous gates so high that though Josef raised his eyes upwards, he could 
see no end to them. The gates were set wondrously with precious emei'alds 
and saphires, and priceless rubies and pearls. All aliout was a heavenly frag- 
rance of rare spices and frankincense, so that a delicious smell pervaded the 
entire scene. 

Suddenly, all was (luict. Nothing moved, nothing spoke, nothing breatlied. 
The heavens darkened. Blacker and blacker, a choking, oi>pressive dark- 
ness engulfed all. Josef trembled in his place. He feared the blackness 
and the .stillness, and the awful doubts that pervaded his mind. 

AVhere was he"? AVhat was all this? Had he gone insane? His head ached 
fearfully and he raised his hands to clutch at it .inst as a terrible bolt of light- 
ning split the inky darkness and illuminated all ahdut him. Slowly, he gazed 
about him in wonder and fear, for high above him, overshadowing all below, 
was susjiended a throne, a throne that surpassed all for grandeur, for sublime 
beauty, for strength. It was a gigantic throne. His seat of .iudgment. Fear- 
fully, the huddled ap|)aritions Hung themselves on their faces and trembled 

\iolently. 

How long he lay tlicrc he kiuw not. All he could I'ccall was that terrible 
ami powerful scene. Then a thunderous voice ]>ealed forth. ••Arise, you souls, 
and seat yourselves!" Josef raised his head and ventured a fearful glance. 
All about him, the countless souls took their seats. Josef saw, sitting on a 



— Fiitu-yiiif — 



£Ifi}J}]J]]T£ 



liigh dais, looking awesome and terrible, foiar angels. And right then and there, 
it dawned upon him that he was dead. He, Josef Hein, had died! It could 
not be true ! He eonld not die now, not now when there was so much left un- 
finished down there. It must not be true ! But it was. The thought struck him 
as both terribly important and strikingly strange. 

Swifth', the proceedings unfolded before his eyes. The judges were sit- 
ting calmly; the angel for the defense was dressed in spotlessly white linen 
and the prosecutor's head was covered with a deep black hood. Josef felt his 
heart beating. Cold sweat broke out on his face, and he bit his lips to keep 
from screaming out. It was so imreal; it was a nightmare. 

"Josef Hein!" 

Josef started. His knees felt watery and weak as he slowly approached 
the great dais. The towering angel loomed over Josef. 

"Josef Hein, you stand before the supreme court of all life. You are about 
to be judged on the basis of your deeds in life, so as to determine whether you 
shall inherit the life to come or not. May G-d, in His infinite wisdom and 
kindness, open the doorway of paradise to you!" 

Then, turning to the Black Angel, he motioned to him to read the charges. 
The prosecutor turned to the judges and withdrew a large scroll of paper from 
a silken packet on the table. 

"Worthy colleagues, we are here to determine whether Josef Hein, late of 
the terrorist group kno^wii as Irgun Zvai Leumi, is deserving of paradise. Gen- 
tlemen, the man stands before us with his hands soaked with the innocent blood 
of his victims. In a military cemetery near Haifa lies the first of his victims, 
a British soldier. This soldier attempted to halt an attack upon the prison of 
Acre, which was aimed at the freeing of known Jewish terrorists, and was shot 
down by this man. Gentlemen, this blood must be avenged. 

"As a member of the Fascist organization "Betar, ' he provoked harsh 
measures to be laid upon the Jewish community of Jerusalem, bj' bearing 
arms with his comrades against what he claims were Arab killers. 

"Worthy colleagues, heed my plea. In a world of evil, deceit, murder, in 
a society of ruthlessness, the Jewish nation has always maintained an unim- 
peachable moral standard. They have alwaj's been a model of self-restraint to 
a world where cruelty has reigned supreme. True, they have suffered to a 
certain extent. They have been persecuted at times. But, they have always 
upheld the traditions of godliness and peace. Yet here, a young murderer, 
rebelling against the strict code of his religion, dares to stain this 
beautiful tradition. He does not realize that his people must suffer to show 
the world a moral lesson. He does not understand this. He kills and strikes 
back ! He must be punished ! He must be taught to realize that the Jews must 
not retaliate, that they are the people of the book, and not of the sword. And 
his punishment, when meted out, will be a lesson to all violators of the Law. 

"Your Honors, I would like to present to the eoiirt a man who is mute 
testimony to the evil of this man." 

Then, turning dramatically to the great doors, he raised his hand and 
called out, "Enter Lord Moyne!" An excited roar went through the court- 
room. The entire court turned eagerly to the door, looking and waiting. 
Slowly, the door opened. Into the room strode the figure. Tall and slim, 



- Sixty — 



his iiluistly ]ialc face votlcclod vividly llic ii;in-u\v mmi' which r;in ilnwn liis 
cheek. He silently strode uji to llie staiul. 

Bending over, he wliispered something to the prosecutor who smiled 
thinly. Then, straighteniiis' up. lie looked sciuarely at Ihe court, and in clijjpcd, 
precise tones, he spoke. 

"Gentlemen, my name was Lord ^Moyne. I was formerly British Admin- 
istrator for the .Middle East. I was a conscientious public servant, who devoted 
everything to his country. I incurred the wrath of the Jews in Palestine, 
simply by doing my duty. One of these duties was the smashing of illegal 
Jewish immigration. I considered that immigration a crime against my country, 
and therefore against myself. Unfortunately, some Jews on the illegal ships 
Patria and Struma were killed when I refused them admittance to Palestine. 
That was regrettable, but unavoidable in troubled times. 

"I met my demise on earth at Cairo, Egypt. Some fanatical terrorists, 
outcasts even in their own communitj^ and disavowed l)y their own government, 
shot me. I condemn them as I condemn this Josef Hein. Hoodlums and gang- 
sters are not to be tolerated. If he were admitted to paradise, it would be a 
sin against myself and all honest men." 

Finished, Moyne strode calmly out of the I'oom. Smiling, the prosecutor 
turned to the court and spoke. 

"Honored colleagues, you have heard the testimony of Lord ^lojme. His 
words cannot help but be the final link in the chain of guilt which points inex- 
oralily to the defendant. Thei'efore, I feel that the harshest of penalties must 
be meted out to this perj^etrator of evil deeds. You must punish him as a lesson 
to his compatriots." 

The judges glanced at each other; they conversed quietly among them- 
selves. Then a judge turned and nodded to the angel in attendance. 

"Josef Hein, address the court in defense!" 

Josef stood up slowly. Dazedly, he glanced around the court at the grim 
unsmiling faces. Speak? Defend'? Would it do any good? He was doomed 
before he started. The bitterness weighed heavily on him. Suddenly, he felt it 
lift, and he felt free, free to speak what he felt. 

"My name is Yosef ben Abraham Hein. I was one of six children in a 
simple and pious Jewish family of Pinsk, Poland. One of the first recollections 
of mj' youth is a pogrom in my town. It was Passover, 1926. The family was 
gathered around the humble little "Seder" and reread, with tears and heart- 
break, the struggle of our fathers in Egypt. The struggle we were reliving 
here was in an exile known as Poland. Yes, the name was different. Init the 
tortures were the same. The people were different, l)ut the tortures were the 
same. The people were different, but the beatings and whippings were tlie 
same. Whether it was Pharaoh or Pilsudski. the hating eyes and the agonizing 
rack were the same. All of them meant one thing— death to the Jews. 

• • But I wander off the topic. We were sitting and reading when suddenly, 
from the street, we heard the sounds of screaming men and women. I rushed 
to the window and saw death unleashed. Tlie hoodlums were racing tlirough 
the streets, killing, burning, looting. And my iicojile 1m>- huddled in fear, on the 
streets, afraid to defend themselves and their Ixmor. afraid to wipe out these 
nionsters. this cancer. 



1 949 



■ Sixtij-Oiie — 



"Yes, Mr. Prosecutor! Tliey were 'maintaining- an nnimpeaeliable moral 
standard. ' They Avere being a " model of self-restraint ' to the world. Of coiirse, 
they were. No other nation woiUd have dared to lie down in tlie streets and 
let itself be slaughtered like sheep. They say that if a person beats you, you 
are honor bound to do only one thing — beat him back." 

Josef paused. 

"But, no. The policy of 'Havlaga' (self-restraint) was continued and 
intensified. Yes, Lord Jloyne, I remember the day on which you were killed, 
the daj" our leaders grovelled before your nation and pleaded forgiveness. I 
also remember another day in Haifa. An old, weather-beaten boat limped slowly 
into the harbor. On board were four hundred of my people, rescued from the 
mterno, freed from the hell of Europe. They asked nothing of you. They 
only wanted to begin life anew in their sacred homeland. Their hope was not 
yet lost. Never would it be lost so long as they had "Aretz," their land. So 
they pleaded for this one small favor, this tiny boon which to you meant 
nothing, but which to them meant life. But you refused. You refused to 
grant them life, so they accepted death. And the explosion which ripped their 
souls from their martyred bodies, that at last gave them relief from their 
sufferings, pierced my very heart, my soul. 

' ' ^Ve sat there, my brother ' gangsters ' and I, and we wept till we thought 
our nearts would break, for these, Avho died to sanctify His name. Then we 
stood, and read the Kaddish together solemnly. 'May His great name be 
exalted and sanctified.' We took a solenm oath before G-d and man that 
the jackals who perpetrated this unheard of crime would be punished though 
it would mean our la.st drops of blood. So two 'fanatics," 'outcasts in their 
own eommunitj^' shot the administrator to death in cold blood. But as the 
bullets reached their mark, the two fell to their knees and offered thanks to 
the Lord who had permitted them to live and reach that day. For the admin- 
istrator's death meant Jewish life. It was a resurrection of the dead. The heroes 
of Israel — David, Judah, Macabee, Bar-Cochba — had come back from their 
graves to instill once again into the bosoms of their sons a pride, a jealous 
pride. Mj' people had broken Avith cowardice, Avith this yoke of moral standard. 
You must understand this modei'ii miracle. 

"Mr. Prosecutor, yoi; have called my people the people of the book. I am 
glad. But Avith this SAvord I carried, I Avas not destroying the book. I Avas 
not eondenuiing the book. No, never. With every stroke of the sword, the 
book thrived. Why, if not for the sake of the book, did Ave carry the SAvord? 
EA^ery bomb throAvn against the enemy meant that more of my people could 
read the book, could uphold the unimpeachable moral code of our people, oui 
Avith pride, with dignity, and Avith honor. 

"NoAv I stand before you and my fate is in your hands. You must decide 
Avhether the Avill to be free, to live in peace in one's land, is just or not. You 
must judge whether seventeen year old lads marching to the galloAvs, with heads 
thrust high, and with tears of happiness streaming doAvn their boAash cheeks, 
are criminals, or the most glorious martyrs the Avorld has knoAvn. Judge me, 
but also judge my people Avho cry out to heaven for justice, and AA'ho are not heard. 
^ly duty on earth lay before me. It Avas a choice betAveen grovelling in the dust 
before the rulers of the earth, or standing u]^ and l)el!eving in the King of all 



£LfiiJi]i]j"r£ 



— Sixty-Two - 



IV4V 



created. So juilije, l)n1 in the iiaiiic (if all holy, of all <>wk1 and righteous, 
judge not luc alone. Judge my people, judge ju.stice. " 

The room was still. Silence gripped all about it. Jo.scf sat limp and weary. 
I'^ar above, even the seventh heaven paused in its work to listen eagerly to the 
\erdict. The judges sat quietly, pondering. Then very slowly, they stood up. 
The presiding judge, with trembling lingers, raised his gavel. In a shaking 
\-o\ce, he read, ' ' We, the supreme tribunal of all things, living and dead, find 
ihe defendant Yosef ben Abrahan Hein guilty of crime perpetrated against 
man and sentence him to the lower domain." 

The court sat shocked. Guilty. The judge lifted his gavel high to seal 
tlie case. Down came the arm to .seal the doom. 
BOOM! 

A thunderous roar rocked the court. Prom high above came a blinding, 
glowing light, encompassing all. The court rocked with fear. It was — 

Fearfully, the great judges, the angels, and the seraphim, all trembling 
violently, covered their eyes, and threw themselves on their knees. 
"Wait!" 

The booming voice fi'om above sent a thrill of horror through all. The 
heavens were in chaos. The universe trembled before Gabriel, the messenger of 
the Lord. 

"Wait. Thus hath the Lord spoken. I have heard my children, Israel, sigh, 
and my heart bleeds. They have sinned, but they repent. They repent in 
strange ways, but they plead for forgiveness. They die for my Law, for my 
Toiah, for my beloved country. The bombs they throw, the blood they shed, 
are measures of the desperateness of their exile. Therefore have I seen their 
tears and have forgiven them. Soon shall I return them to their sacred liome- 
land, Israel, and my dwelling place, Jerusaleni. From the wilderness and 
this Lebanon, even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land 
of the Hittites and unto the great sea, encompassing both sides of the 
.lordan, shall be their boundary. And this child standing trial before me is 
mx- ilearcst dream. For two thousand years have I waited for such a generation 
to arrive. Would that all my children followed in his path, ready to die for 
my name, my Torah ! Never .shall he be permitted to suffer more. I command 
the gates of paradi.sc to be opened before him. Enter my son in thanksgiving. 
IMiis is the gate of the Lord and the righteous shall enter it." 

Josef stood up slowly and his heart was singing. The tears of hai-i'iness 
,vere down his cheeks and he could neither speak nor offer thanks. As he passed 
through, the angels and seraphim joined in majestic chorus and sang till the 
heavens rocked in echo. The song grew louder and louder. 
•Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord of Hosts, 
Loixl, Lord, G-d merciful, long suft'ering and forgiving." 
And as the chorus swelled in music, the great gates swung open, and as 
if in a dream, Josef nuurhed proudly through the misty clouds to heaven. 
A\lu've the great halls of the righteous echoed in song ami running forth to 
welcome him were the good, the righleou-;. an.l the holy, as the massive doors 
slowlv closed. 



■ Sixty-Three- 



Fifiij iiiurs 



^oran and Science', oLJo Jheu (conflict . 

By WILLIAM WANDERER 

A definition of the terma Torah and Science is a prerequisite to an;- dis- 
cussion concerning them. Torah, in its restricted sense, means "divine teach- 
ing.'" It is a book of moral instruction and spiritual guidance. Science is 
knowledge, as of principles or facts, systematized and formulated with reference 
to general truths or general laws, especially relating to the physical world. 

The Torah is not a book of science. Its aim is not to tell us how the world 
came into existence or how man developed. It is not a work of astrology-, 
astronomy, geology or anthropology. Where it gives apparently scientific facts, 
as in the first chapter of Genesis, it is intent upon conveying merely certain 
ethical, moral and religious principles, and uses these statements merely as a 
vehicle to convey such thoughts. Rashi, who is considered one of the greatest 
interpreters of the Torah, tells us that the account in Genesis is not intended 
as an accurate chronological story of creation. For, if it were, then the creation 
of the waters should have been mentioned first, since they preceded the heaven 
and the earth. The main purpose is to teach justice and righteousness, that 
G-d chooses those who practice justice, and ignores those who, by their lives, 
deny this fundamental principle of Jewish life. A careful reading of the 
early chapters of Genesis Avill reveal to us where the real emphasis lies. They 
attempt to teach us four fundamental truths, not scientific facts. 

Religion assumes the existence of G-d. Of course, philosophers have at- 
tempted to prove the existence of G-d or a First Cause. However, let us, for 
the sake of argument, accept it as an axiomatic truth. In science, too, we must 
assume certain axiomatic truths. No topic could be developed other^Aise. 

Granting then, that there is a G-d, our Torah tells us that there is only one 
G-d, who created heaven and earth, light and darkness, inorganic and organic 
matter. . . . Everji:lung in the heavens above on the earth, and in the waters 
Ijelow was created by Him. This is the greatest contribution made by our 
Torah to religious thought. No nation of antiquity could reach such an exalted 
conception. The Babylonians believed there were many gods who were created 
by some other force. The Persians believed in dualism. They thought that 
there were two forces, one that created light and another that brought forth the 
darkness. Even siich peoples as the ancient Greeks and the Romans believed 
in poh^:heism. While Zeus was the chief deity on Slount Olympus, there were 
other deities who assisted in the administration of the affairs of the world. 

The second truth that the Torah tries to teach us is that the world is good. 
The Torah 's attitude towards the world is that it is not a vale of tears, but that 
it is good. Man has only to control his animal passions and it appears to him 
as good. Evil is not of G-d's making, but of man's. 

That the Sabbath sanctifies man's existence is the third fundamental truth 
of the creation. No consideration was shown by the ancients to laborers and 
slaves, who fell from letter exhaustion. The Jew proclaimed the Sabbath as a 
sacred dutv. 



— Sixty-Four- 



The fourtli and last fiuulameiilal truth of tlic cfoatioii stoiy is tliat man 
is not a inci'e animal. He is not deseended i'l'om the ape, oi- any other lower form 
of animal. He was created ethically and spiritually in the image of G-d. The 
difference between him and the ai)e is not merely in defrree, hut in kind. 
Although this is in direct contlict with the Darwinian theory of evolution and the 
descent of man, this conflict may be resolved in several ways. In the first place, 
the Darwinian theory has not been completely proven. There is still a missing 
link, and the chain is oidy as strong as its weakest link. The Darwinian theory 
may conflict with the Torah, but I shall attempt to prove that that does not 
mean that "science" conflicts with the Torah. 

The Bible and science do not conflict. They ai'c not mutually exclusive. One 
supplements the other. Science concerns it.self with the physical universe. Sci- 
ence tells what things are. The Torah tells why things are. According to our 
definition, science investigates facts. Religion tells us the pui'pose of existence, 
and the spiritual significance of things. It concerns itself primarily with the re- 
lation of things and human beings to one another, to the universe, and to G-d. 

One may ask, "If science and the Torah do not conflict, then how could 
the sages of the Tahnud say such things as the world stands on pillars, is flat, 
and many other scientifically disproven facts. The Rabbis of the Talmud gave 
remedies for diseases which definitely could not improve the condition of the pa- 
tient." To this I say that here is a case where one of the two has overstepped 
its boundaries. It was not in the field of the Talmudists of old to state facts 
which deal in the realm of science. And at this point, it is extremely neces- 
sary that I quote from Rabbi Abraham ben Moshe ben Jlaimon, the son of the 
Rambam, who writes in his "Introduction to the Agada of the Ein Yaakov" 
where he quotes from his father's book, "The Guide." 

"Know that it is your duty to understand that whoever propounds a 
certain theory or idea and expects that theory or idea to lie accepted merely 
out of respect for the author without proving its truth and reasonableness 
pursues a wrong method prohibited by both the Torah and human intelli- 
gence. According to this preamble, then, we are not bound to defend 
the opinions of the sages of the Tabnud, concerning medicine, physics, and 
astrology, as right in every respect simply because we know the sages to 
be great men with a full knowledge of all things regardinfj the Torah in its 
various details. Although it is tiaie that insofar as knowledge of the Torah 
''" is concerned, we must believe the sages arrived at the highest stage of 
■knowledge, as it is said (Deut. 17, 11) "In accordance with the instructions 
which they may instruct you, etc.", stili it is not necessarily so concerning 
any other branch of knowledge, since we find that the sages themselves 
had .said, concerning medical knowledge, that tlie opinion of such and such 
a rabbi did not prove to be true, as for instance, the eagle-stone (Shabbos 
fol. 66b.) But it would be Avrong to argue thus. 'Becau.se they arc wronu 
in one thing, they must be wrong in everything." Preserve that which de- 
.serves preservation, and destroy tliat wliicli deserves destruction."' 

Probably the gi'eatest conflict that has ever arisen l)et\veen '■. science " and 
the Torah is that of the evolution theories against our belief that G-d ere- 



1V49 



- Si-rty-Five - 



ated man as he is today. However, is evolution really 
logic, science can never be wrong. There can never be any exceptions to 
the laws of science. Yet, I will show how one theory of "" science" can make 
holes in another. Here we are dealing with theories, ^^ith opinions, biit not 
that which science stands for — facts. (3nce we come to this point, let us un- 
derstand that it is not science that contradicts the Torah. but opinions, the 
simple say-so of certain men who are guessing at the causes of the phenomena 
of our universe. 

Pasteur demonstrated that life can come only from life. Frobishes formu- 
lated a theory saying that the formation of the world originally came from a 
chance chemical reaction and that organic substances came from inorganic 
substances. Frobishes said that inanimate chemical elements shaken together 
could give rise to proteins, the substance without which life is impossible, 
[t was called the fortuitous concoui-se of atoms. However, Frobishes cannot 
give us the answer to what provided the energy for the ch-ance chemical re- 
action and to what brought the substances together. And what about Pas- 
teur's theory? Scientists have been trjnng for ages to bring inorganic substances 
together, but life has never been the result. "We know the chenucal constituents 
of protoplasm ; we can mix them, but never get life. In fact, through mathematical 
calculations, it has been px-oven that the chance reaction could not have occurred 
within the estimated 650,000.000 years of the earth's age, much less within 5709 
years, the age of the earth according to .Je-\vish belief. 

Lamarck stated that environment causes changes by adaptation. For ex- 
ample, the giraffe was once a short-necked animal, but since it had to keep 
stretching its neck in order to get to its food which was tender leaves and 
which grew on high branches, it eventualh" developed the long neck that it has 
today. This sounds more like one of Aesop's fables, rather than science. It 
is a fact that acquired characteristics are not inherited. This has been proven 
by experiment. Experiments have been conducted in which the tails of mice 
have been cut off for generations, but each succeeding generation of mice al- 
ways had regular full-sized tails. It is a fact that X-rays can cause inheritable 
changes as experiments vv-ith fruit flies have shown, but it has never been seri- 
ously argued that this occurs to a sufficient extent to cause evolution. 

Darwin's theory of evolution is based on natural selection and the sur- 
vival of the fittest. Darwin laiew that there was a gap in his theory — the 
gap between organic and inorganic substances. Although he knew it and ad- 
mitted it, his disciples disregarded it. They were overthrilled at finding a 
theory that would explain a lot of things around them. 

De Yries advanced a theory of evolution, the mutation theory. According 
to this theory, as generations advanced, certain sudden changes occurred to 
one or more of a certain plant or animal species which were inherited, thereby 
forming a new species. The only fault with this theory is the fact that most 
mutations are usually reproductive mutations, rendering the mutant sterile, 
as the Thomson seedless grapes, navel oranges, and so many others, that require 
artificial grafting because of their inability to reproduce. Since they could not 
reproduce by themselves, there could not possibly be an evolution. 



SIfilJi)J]JT£ 



— Sixty-Six - 



IV49 



(Jenetifs has estaljlished the coiisldncij of the species and the rigidity of 
liercditary cliaraeteristics (e.g. blood types), (hi the other hand, the basis of 
evolution is plasticity, the ability of a species to change its charactei-istics l)y 
adapting itself to external changes. Here we find two theories that contradict 
each other. Neither theory can be checked; neither is "scientific." 

In general, the main objections to the evolution theory are: (1) Variations 
amongst animals of a given species are so small that if can nuike no difference 
in the battle for survival for numy generations. 

(2) If accidental evolution gave rise to the different species, it would be diffi- 
cutl to account for the remarkable adjustments we see. For example, it is impos- 
sible for termites to digest cellulose ; yet they eat wood which is for the most part 
cellulose. But the termite has within its digestive tract certain protozoa (one- 
celled animals) which break down the cellulose for it. How could this have 
ever been an accident, a mutation'?! 

(3) AVe see around us no indications of transformation of species. True, 
the cow was once an animal that gave enough milk for one calf, and man has 
bred it to its present state. The cow has improved, it is a better cow, but it has 
not changed into a horse, or any other species. 

(4) Let us consider what I mentioned before concerning the differences 
between man and the animals. We see a definite break here, ilan can talk, has 
reasoning faculties, can deal psychologicallj- with his fellow-man, heals his sick, 
has a thumb, and produces machines to work for him. All these beside the spir- 
itual differences. 

The expounders of the evolutionary tlieories claim that they have proofs 
for their claims. These "proofs" are divided into three classifications. 1. Paleon- 
tological evidences are arrived at through the study of fossils embedded in the 
different strata or layers of rock in the earth. There was once an accepted geo- 
logical theory that the layers of rock came on to the earth as the earth ad- 
vanced in age, that in each layer lived an era, and by "pceling-off" these 
strata, we can discover exactly what came first, what type of life existed before 
ours, etc. All was fine, except for the fact that quite a few times, the geologist 
foiuid himself dazed to find a fossil in a much higher stratum than the time that 
he found the same type of fossil before. Evidently, the earth's strata are not 
arranged as the skins of an onion, as it was previously thought to be. This was 
also later proven. 

It is a theory that the earth is six hundi'cd and fifty million yeai's old. 
According to Judaism, the earth is five thousand seven hundred and forty-nine 
years old. The conclusion that the earth is six hundred and fifty years old is 
drawn by a very ingenious method. It is based on another theory that in the 
beginning everything was radio-active, as radium or ui'anium. Through experi- 
mentation we have found that it takes a certain amount of time for the atomic 
weight of uranium to lower and change to lead. According to calculations based 
on this thecny. our earth is supposed to contain the ratio of lead to uranium 
whioh will lead us to the number 650.000.000. We must remember though that 



— Sixty-Sevent — 



£IfilJi)l]]T£ 



all this is true only if we accept the assumption that in the beginning every- 
thing was made out of uranium. Then, again, if we do assume that, how do we 
know whether or not the amount of time for the change increases or decreases 
as time moves on? A falling object increases in speed as it falls; why not say 
the same about the iiraiiium-lead transformation'? Why didn't all the uraniiun 
change by now? "Where did the other elements come from? These questions 
cannot be answered because the entire explanation is merelj- theoretical. 

(2) The second proof of evolution is known as comparative anatomy. The 
front fin of a fish is seen as the ancestor of the arms of animals and the wdngs 
of birds. But it seems fairly obvious that the bones of fins and limbs are quite 
similar in number and position because this is necessary for the equally similar 
function. Note this point. The eye of the squid, one of the octopus family, is 
remarkably similar to that of the human being. It has the same muscle forma- 
tion, iris, cornea, and pupil as man does. Yet, the squid is considered a much 
lower form of life and not directly related to man on the evolutionary tree. 
Did this complex eye develop t^nce ? If this is granted, then structural similari- 
ties can no longer be considered a proof foi- evolution. It, then, may be assumed 
on biological and scientific grounds that the various species did not have a 
common ancestor, but were created separately, as the Torah tells us. 

(3) The third proof of evolution is known as embryological evidence. One 
theory claims that the embryo of any animal shows, during the stages of devel- 
opment, definite signs of the embrj'ological stages of animals that preceded it. 
That is to say that the embryo of man will show the gill slits of a fish, the head of 
a sheep embrj-o, the lungs of a bird embryo, etc. This is supposed to prove that 
all those came before man. It also is supposed to tell us which animals came 
first, and their order. This is given as proof positive in the average high school 
biology book. But the more a person delves into biologj-, and the more he ob- 
serves in real life, he realizes that the scientist who claimed that, must have 
had a very strong imagination. It was a scientist named Haeckel who stated 
this theorj' when he said, " ' Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny. ' ' That is to say 
that the embryological stages relate in brief the stages of development of the 
species. 

Embryology is the study of the egg from fertilization to birth. This 
evidence has been disproven more than proven, for there is no stage in the 
development of the human embryo w'hen it can't be recognized as such. The 
most outstanding features recognizable in the human embryo which seem to 
prove Haeckel's theory are the gill slits. These so-called gill slits have been 
traced by modern biologists to the parathyroid endocrine glands, the tonsils, 
and slightly, the jaws. So we .see that those gill slits ai-e not what they look like, 
but have a purpose and belong where they are. 

We see that evolution does contradict our Torah, but how can one say that 
that makes evolution correct, and the Torah wrong? The theories change, not 
the Torah. The theories contradict each other, are proven wrong, not the Torah. 
Our science text books attempt to make these theories look crystal-clear and 
perfect, ilany theories that have been accepted as science have been disproven 
by triie science, through the investigation and cheeking of facts. The theory 



- Si-vty-Eight — 



of si^ontanoous ocncration, tlie plilogyston theory of Ininiing, tlie theories that 
the sun circles the earth and that the fitom is indivisible are dead and buried. 
The true scientist who investigates facts, as the archaeologist, has many times 
helped prove the Torah, as the excavations in Palestine and Egypt have sho^vn. 

Till now, we have looked at these theories from a scientific point of view. 
For a short while, let us look at them from the Torah 's point of view. Let us 
assume that without doubt it has been proven that certain rocks have been found 
on the earth that are 650,000,000 years old. That is explainable. There is a 
Midrash tluit states that G-d created seven worlds before our earth, and de- 
stroyed them, and with their parts, created ours. This can also explain fossils 
of prehistoric animals as the dinosaur. The Torah does not denj' that some 
species of animals may have died out on our earth. 

The only way to investigate whether or not science conflicts with the Torah 
is to be scientific and explore the theories and the Torah. If we do that log- 
ically and in an nnopinionated way we can come to the conclusion that they 
do not conflict. 



1949 



■ Sixtu-Ninc — 







£LfilJill]Jf£ 



■Seventy — 



sieijiujjrs 



^ 



^jondord 



In 1949, a group of interested parents and friends came to the conclu- 
sion that the interests of Tahnudical Academy would be advanced if it 
maintained the extra-curricular activities present in other high schools. 

Their support of this idea made the publishing of our school news- 
papers and annual possible. The Editorial Board of the Elchanite would 
like to take this opportunity to express its deep appreciation and gratitude 
to these sponsors : 



Mrs. Gertrude Bienenfeld j 



Mr. Julius Bienenfeld 

First Gong. Anshe Sfard 

Mr. Oscar Hartman 

Mr. Morris Jaffe 

Mr. Louis Kellner 

Mr. Stephen Klein 

Mr. Paul Kwestel 

Mr. Samuel Seelenfreund 

Mr. Xleyer J. StavisK> 

Yeshiva University Women's Organisation 
Mrs. Joseph S. Greenberg, President 



-Seventy-Two - 



Compliments of . . . 


Congratulations to . . . 


A FRIEND 


RONALD 
On His Graduation 




from Julian, Sidney, and Irene 


Compliments ol . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


FORMAN KNIT GOODS CO., Inc. 


MR. & MRS. NATHAN KEVELSON 




and Family 


83 Orchard Street New York City 




Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


SKYDELL & SHATZ 


YAVNE CAMP 


Certified Public Accountants 


Mr. Becker, Pres. 




Mr. Glickman, Vice-Pres. 


545 Fifth Avenue New York City 




Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


IRVING BUNIM 


LOU G. SIEGEL Inc. 




209 West 38 St. New York 18, N.Y. 



— SeveiityTh ree — 



Compliments of . . . 

GOLDY'S CANDY STORE 
"Service with a Smile" 

Bedford Ave., cor. Pres. Street 
Brooklyn 19, N.Y. 



Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. BERNARD HERMAN 

and Family 

of Modern Tours 



Com-pliments of . . 



SHOMREI EMUNOH 




^^ MANUf&CTURINC *., 



'Manufacturers of 
Finest Made 
Blanket and 
Mattress Covers 

New York City 



_ — Seventy-Four. — 




— Seventy-Five — 




— Seventy-Six - 



Compliments of . . . 

DR. & MRS. SPEVACK 
and Family 


Compliments of . . . 

DR. M. STEMPEL 
4600 - 9 Avenue Brooklyn 20, N.Y. 


Compliments of . . . 

NIN - ANN 
DAVID - JOSHUA 

JAY - SETH 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. H. LERNER 


Best Wishes to my friend 

NORMAN 
from Simon L. Auster 


Compliments of . . . 

NATHAN HAUSMAN 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. JOS. LEVINE 

and the 

SHIELDS OF BORO PARK 

El. Levine, Pres. 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. NATHAN BIENENFELD and 
MRS. B. BIENENFELD 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. MILLER 


Compliments of . . . 

STAATEN CLEANERS 
4822 Fort Hamilton Pk'y Brooklyn, N.Y. 


Compliments of . . . 

J. KESTENBAUM 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. ISRAEL GROSSMAN 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. WEISBROD 
and Family 


Compliments of . . . 

A FRIEND OF ZEV AND MARTIN 


Compliments of . . . 

ZERT & JOFFE 
810 Washington Ave. 


Compliments of . . . 

MR. & MRS. HYMAN STURM 
and Family 



■ Seventy Seven — 




— Seventy-Eigh t - 




— Seventy-Nine -^ 



WJf'i 


A/l3her3 


Neufield Fine Furs 


Jack W. Garber 


Lowen's Bake Shop 


Paul 


Friends of Herbert Leibowitz 


Gustdve & Dora Lussos 


Martin Fried Inc. 


Mr. & Mrs. Kirsh 


Sol's Fruit & Vegetable Market 


Mr. & Mrs. H. Klein & Sons 


Moskowitz & Wachtenhien 


Mr. & Mrs. Hyman Levine 


Raiselle & Leah Sorcher 


Barbara Rosenfeld 


Ed Caruso — Shoe Repairing 


Hyman Gold 


Israel Trachtman 


Crown's Self Service 


Jack's Fruit & Vegetables 


Bert & Helen Canary Store 


S. Renick 


Cantor Jacob Wanderer 


Lieber's Dairy 


Mr. Solomon Katz 


Joy - Kay Bakery 


Israel Yavne 


Mr. & Mrs. Abraham Zelefsky 


Mr. 6c Mrs. Wm. Waxmon 


Mr. & Mrs. Paul Blackman 


Pure Gold's Food Products 


Mr. & Mrs. A. Hoffman 


Zev Hymowitz 6c Marvin Blush 


Mr. & Mrs. N. Alter 


Mr. 6t Mrs. Matthew Kleinman 


Dr. & Mrs. M. Grunschlag 


6c Family 


Mr. Williuiu Fishback 


Charles Cohn 6c Isaac Sherman 


Dr. Charles Bauman 


Martin 6c Howard Levin 


Jonah Kupietzky 


Abraham Krimko 


Joel Shechter 


Morton Summer 


Sa -So Service Gift Shop 


Crown Rogers Pharmacy 


Irwin Horn 


Mr. 6c Mrs. A. Schwartz 


Heyman's Pharmacy 


A Friend 


Bernard Erlbaum 


Knoll Family 


Dr. & Mrs. D. L. Schwartz 


Raphael Rosenbaum 


Samuel Bernstein 


Ed Caruso 


Avrom Reichman 


Tippy 6c Itsy 


Irwin Shapiro 


Elfenbein's Dairy 


Alter Kevelson 


Savage Family 


Fred Frankel 


Mr. 6, Mrs. B. Brook 


Mr. 6c Mrs. 


Jacob Wagshal & Son 



\ 



^ 



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